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MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities
2020.09.10 11:47 SimNews_MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities
As we have learned, the entire Earth of the next-generation Microsoft Flight Simulator is based on Bing Maps satellite imagery, filled with Blackshark.ai’s auto-generated objects, such as houses, trees, and windmills. A few hundreds of cities, strictly speaking of 341, mostly in North America and Europe, have been presented more accurately by using photogrammetry. In some cities, the data may be a few years old, which can be seen as old commercials in some of the billboards. More highly modeled cities will come in the future as World Update for sure, although there is no confirmation on this yet. Below is the list of highly modeled cities, organized by countries and states (United States). https://preview.redd.it/sh7jmidhkam51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=bbe72d114c968abb0a1d456996e4e32a3a34640c
2020.09.10 10:35 SimNews_MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities
As we have learned, the entire Earth of the next-generation Microsoft Flight Simulator is based on Bing Maps satellite imagery, filled with Blackshark.ai’s auto-generated objects, such as houses, trees, and windmills. A few hundreds of cities, strictly speaking of 341, mostly in North America and Europe, have been presented more accurately by using photogrammetry. In some cities, the data may be a few years old, which can be seen as old commercials in some of the billboards. More highly modeled cities will come in the future as World Update for sure, although there is no confirmation on this yet. Below is the list of highly modeled cities, organized by countries and states (United States). https://preview.redd.it/7cfz2j2n7am51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=fc1c175d888f1f7ed140d8ff4b933209a383cd2d
Lake Havasu City
San Tan Valley
Desert Hot Springs
New Smyrna Beach
Port St. Lucie
Universal Studios Florida
Walt Disney World Resort
Salt Lake City
Fond du Lac
Microsoft Flight Simulator is available as a digital purchase from Microsoft Store and Steam as well as a DVD box from Aerosoft. Prices are for Standard 69.99 EUR, Deluxe 89.99 EUR, and Premium Deluxe 119.99 EUR. Standard Edition is also included in Xbox Game Pass for PC monthly subscription.
2020.07.30 21:19 ghtuyStats I Compiled Because I Was Bored: USLC Player Nationalities
Guess who's been Ultra-Instinct levels of bored? Me. Guess who skimmed every club's Wikipedia article, cross-referenced with Transfermarkt, and curated a spreadsheet of player nationalities by club? Also me. Disclaimer: This post is really, really long. If you don't want to appreciate my hours upon hours of research, spread over a week as I slaved away over a hot keyboard, turn back now. Methodology: Basically I used the Wiki entries for nationality, which uses FIFA international allegiance, or place of birth for those without a call-up. Derived statistics include the total number of players across the 35 clubs, the total number of clubs that employ players of that nationality, and the total number of different nationalities at each club. I did not include players at 2-teams who are under contract with the MLS parent organization. I did, however, include academy signings. (Correct as of 7/24)
The club with the most distinct nationalities is El Paso Locomotive, with 15. They also have the fewest American players, at 5. Their roster includes 5 Americans, 3 Englishmen, 2 Mexicans, and 1 each: Canadian, Jamaican, Brazilian, Irish, Scottish, Cameroonian, Colombian, Spaniard, DR-Congolese, Haitian, Dutch, and Belgian.
In the reverse, the least-diverse (in terms of nationality) is LA Galaxy Jr. with just 5 nations represented. 20 Americans, 2 Mexicans, and 1 each Ghanaian, Liberian, and Sierra-Leonean.
El Paso, Pittsburgh, and Tampa Bay each have 12 nations represented by just 1 player in their squad, more than any other teams. These aren't necessarily the only players of their nation in the league, but speaking of which...
No less than 37 nations have just one player across all 35 USLC clubs. That means that ~44%, or almost half the nations represented, have just 1 player. The next 37 nations, which range from 2 to 8 players, represent 154 individuals.
The remainder of the post will highlight these 37 players who are either the only players in the USLC from their respective countries, or the only ones who play for that country, due to FIFA eligibility rules. A player could theoretically be eligible to play for 8 different national teams, if: all 4 grandparents, both parents, and the player were all born in different countries, and the player has held residency for 5 years after turning 18 in yet another country. But anyway... Afghanistan: David Najem(New Mexico Utd.)
Originally from New Jersey, Najem only recently debuted for Afghanistan, so far making 3 appearances. He and his brother Adam are eligible through their father. Both David and Adam played in the USLC last season, but with the latter's move to the Polish league, David is the only Afghan international in the league.
Albania: Vangjel Zguro(FC Tulsa)
Hailing from the city of Pogradec, Tulsa's left wing-back (?) started at his hometown club, followed by several short stints at other domestic teams. He first moved abroad in 2019 with USL1's Chattanooga Red Wolves; he has yet to debut for his current side, or his national team.
Andorra: Joan Cervós(Colorado Springs Switchbacks)
Though I haven't checked exhaustively, I suspect that Colorado Springs' left-back is the first Andorran player for a professional U.S. team. Even if he's not, he's almost certainly the first Andorran goalscorer in professional American soccer. He received his first international call-up in 2018, becoming first-choice and taking part in 16 of 19 games since then for the small Iberian nation.
Austria: Daniel Fischer(Saint Louis FC)
The young left-back came up through the youth system of Austrian side SKN St. Polten, he played college ball for Young Harris in Georgia, spending a summer with Cincinnati Dutch Lions in the PDL. At 23 years of age, he's yet to appear for his current club.
Azerbaijan: Rufat Dadaşov(Phoenix Rising)
The only current player from the countries in the Caucusus, Dadaşov spent his entire career around the German lower leagues, before moving to Phoenix before this season. He made an impact immediately, netting a hat trick in their first game of the season and assisting one against OCSC. He's also played 24 matches for his country, netting 5 goals (all against red-and-white flags: Qatar, 2 vs Malta, Northern Ireland, and Bahrain).
Belgium: Chiró N'Toko(El Paso Locomotive)
Though born in Kinshasa, Zaire, N'Toko holds Belgian citizenship, the only such individual in the USLC. The 32-year-old moved to El Paso for the 2019 season, and has become club captain. Most of his career has been in the Netherlands, with short stints in his home Belgium, England, and Slovenia.
Bermuda: Zeiko Lewis(Charleston Battery)
Though not technically an independent country, Bermuda is a full member of FIFA, and Battery forward Zeiko Lewis is the only of that island currently in the USLC. A USL veteran, Lewis played for the Bermuda Hogges, Real Boston Rams, and Energy Drink Jr. before spending the 2018 season in Iceland, returning to the league with Charleston in 2019. A senior international, he has 26 caps and 9 goals to date, including a hat trick against Dutch possession Sint Maarten.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Robert Kristo(North Carolina)
Born in Bosnia but raised in St. Louis, Robert Kristo translated a successful collegiate career into spells in the Italian Serie C and the 3. Bundesliga. Joining the artist formerly known as the RailHawks, he's scored 12 in 30 since the start of 2019. He hasn't been called up to the national team to date.
Bulgaria: Vilyan Bijev(Sacramento Republic)
The Bulgarian midfielder, raised in California, has had something of a journeyman career. With youth spells at California Odyssey and Liverpool, he spent time on loan in Germany and Norway. He spent time back in Bulgaria, moving to Portland Timbers Jr., but he's spent more time at Republic than any previous team. Eligible through his residence, he's capped at youth levels for both the United States and Bulgaria, but is yet to make a senior appearance for either.
Burundi: Chancel Ndaye(Las Vegas Lights)
Born in Bujumbura, the 21-year-old right-sided defender moved to Las Vegas before the start of the season from the Czech Republic. Despite his age, he debuted for his nation at the Under-20 level at 17, and the senior level aged 19. His caps are in the U-20 AFCON, senior CECAFA Cup, and a friendly against Djibouti.
Cabo Verde: Steevan Dos Santos(Pittsburgh Riverhounds)
The Cape Verdean striker joined Pittsburgh ahead of the previous season, where he played nearly every game, scoring 10 and assisting 6 as they won their conference. The 30-year-old had a diverse career before coming stateside. Starting off at hometown club CS Mindelese, he spent a spell in Norway with Ull/Kisa before 2 seasons with Angolan side Progresso. He played briefly for Rochester Rhinos and Ottawa Fury, before becoming a key player at his current club.
Congo: Brunallergene Etou(Charlotte Independence)
Though born in Brazzaville, defensive midfielder Etou began his career in France, playing for lower-league sides Drancy, Le Havre Reserves, and Mont d'Or before "going pro" with Ligue 2 side Béziers. He joined Charlotte ahead of this season, and made his debut in their opening win against Sporting Kansas City Jr. Aged 26, he has yet to break into his national team.
Côte d'Ivoire: Jean-Christophe Koffi(Memphis 901)
The young midfielder hails from Côte d'Ivoire's capital city, Abidjan. After moving to the U.S. in childhood, he spent time in D.C. United's youth setup, before a collegiate career at University of Virginia. He joined Energy Drink Jr. for last season, starting 26 of his 27 appearances, before joining Memphis ahead of this season. He is not capped internationally at any level, but could potentially play for either his birth nation or the U.S.
Curaçao: Ayrton Statie(Reno 1868)
Born in the Dutch Caribbean island of Bonaire, the left-back plays internationally for Curaçao. I couldn't specifically find information regarding his eligibility; Bonaire is a municipality of the Netherlands, which is a constituent country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands along with Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten. Bonaire has a team, but it isn't a FIFA member. It's confusing. Nonetheless, after playing in the Dutch second division and briefly in Azerbaijan, Reno brought him in for the 2020 season. He has yet to appear for the Nevadan team.
Dominican Republic: Rafael Díaz(Sacramento Republic)
Backup goalkeeper for Sacramento Republic, Rafael Díaz has spent his entire career in the lower leagues of American soccer. From the PDL and NPSA, he moved to Energy Drink Jr., playing 21 times in the league across 3 seasons. Since joining Sacramento in 2018, he's played 8 times across all competitions. Uncapped internationally, he's nearly a decade younger than his nation's first two choices, so there's still hope!
French Guiana: Thomas Vancaeyezeele(Pittsburgh Riverhounds)
Born in Caen in France, Vancaeyezeele spent his youth career with his hometown club, having short spells at lower-league French and Spanish sides before attending the University of Charleston. He played for the now-defunct Florida Adrenaline, and Mississippi Brilla, before joining Pittsburgh following a trial spell. Internationally, he represents French Guiana, eligible through his grandparents. Though they aren't a FIFA member as a department of France, they participate in CONCACAF competitions, and he's played in the Nations League.
Grenada: Arthur Paterson(Charleston Battery)
A Florida native, Paterson played for Wright State in Ohio, he was passed up by NYCFC and landed at Bethlehem Steel, where he played a single match in 2018. At Charleston ever since, he was an important part of their 2019 playoff push at left-back, scoring 4 and assisting 2 in 23 matches across all competitions. Eligible through his father, Paterson has 9 caps for Grenada, with 4 goals in Nations League play. In his last match against Belize, he ran out as captain.
Italy: Daniele Proch(North Carolina)
Somehow, Daniele Proch is the only USLC representative from the great footballing nation of Italy. Coming up through academy systems in the north of his home country, he spent time at Serie D side Dro before playing at Catawba and Duke in the U.S. Signing with NCFC ahead of this season, it's his first fully professional contract. The forward debuted in the season opener, coming on as an 87th-minute substitute.
Lesotho: Napo Matsoso(Louisville City)
Originally from Maseru, capital of the small southern African enclaved nation, the 26-year-old midfielder attended and played for University of Kentucky in Lexington. Spending a few summers on loan at Derby City Rovers and Reading United, he was a draft pick for New England Revolution, though he never appeared for the senior team. Joining Lou City from Mississippi Brilla in 2018, he's since appeared 29 times in all competitions, scoring 5 in the USLC. For his nation he's played twice, though not since 2017; Lesotho mainly draws from their domestic league and their neighbor, South Africa.
Malawi: Yamikani Chester(Las Vegas Lights)
25-year-old striker Yamikani Chester played for domestic clubs Tigers and Mighty Wanderers, he signed with Czech side Vyskov, immediately taking a loan spell at North Carolina FC for 2019. At the end of that campaign he signed for LV Lights. To date, he's only made one appearance for the Vegas side, an 86th minute sub in a 2-1 loss to San Diego. He has 10 caps for his national side, but he's been limited to qualification tournaments, as Malawi rarely competes outside regional cups.
Mauritius: Ashley Nazira(San Diego Loyal)
Starting out at domestic club Boulet Rouge, he led the league in scoring four of his five seasons. He signed with San Diego ahead of their inaugural season, uniquely becoming the first Mauritian professional in American soccer. However, he has yet to appear for Donovan's side, making the squad just once as an unused substitute. He debuted for the island nation in 2015 aged 20, and has appeared in 16 matches with 7 goals since.
Montenegro: Emrah Klimenta(San Diego Loyal)
Montenegrin utility defender Emrah Klimenta was born in Yugoslavia, but is eligible for the modern nation as the successor of the former federal state. Having grown up in the United States, he came through the youth systems of Slovakian side Zilina and FC Ingolstadt of Germany. His entire senior career has been in California, except a brief stint at Reno. From the now-defunct NPSL Bay Area Ambassadors, he found success at Sacramento Republic from 2014 to 2017. After a brief spell at LA Galaxy, he moved back to Sac for the rest of 2018, before helping Reno in their playoff push in 2019. After debuting in 2016, he's racked up 7 caps for his nation.
Morocco: Younes Boudadi(Reno 1868)
Born in Ypres, Belgium, Boudadi came up through the youth teams of Bruges before moving stateside for the college game. Spending 2 years each at Boston College and Creighton, he spent summers playing with PDL side Boston Bolts, and NPSL team Laredo Heat. Eligible through heritage (I couldn't find a good source), he's represented Morocco at Under-17 and Under-20 youth levels, most prominently in their appearance at the 2013 U-17 World Cup, helping them win their group before exiting in the round of 16.
Niger: Abdoul Kairou Amoustapha(Loudoun United)
Aged just 19, the Nigerien forward joined the DC United reserves earlier this year from Niamey club ASN Nigelec. I can barely find any information on this player, but he hasn't made the matchday squad in either of their games this season. He has, however, made appearances for Niger at Under-17, -20, and -23 levels. He was in the squad for their appearance at the 2017 U-17 World Cup in India. He featured as a substitute in a 4-0 group loss to Spain and started a 2-0 loss to Brazil. Advancing on third-place ranking, he was an unused sub in a round of 16 loss to Ghana.
North Macedonia: Xhelil Asani(Pittsburgh Riverhounds)
Though just 24 years of age, left-wingback Asani has built a diverse CV of clubs. Brief stints in lower-league Macedonian teams Napredok, Vellazerimi 77, Bylis Barish, and Metalurg Skopje preceded his first move abroad to Maltese top-flight Pembroke Athleta in 2016, and again to Torpedo Bel-AZ Zhodino in Belarus before returning to his home country with Shkendija. As if that weren't enough, he played briefly at Mash'al Mubarak in Uzbekistan, Mladost Doboj Kakanj in Bosnia, and SKA Khabarovsk in the ass-end of Russia before finally joining the Pittsburgh team before this season. He's made the bench 4 times, but has yet to debut. I'm exhausted after writing that.
Palestine: Nazmi Albadawi(North Carolina)
Born in Raleigh, he played for North Carolina schools Wake Tech and NC State, spending summers with the RailHawks' U-23 side. He moved up to the senior team in 2014, appearing over 100 times in all competitions before a move to FC Cincinnati ahead of their final USL season. Scoring 11 in 31 from attacking midfield, he stayed with the Ohioans in their MLS expansion, though he was loaned back to NCFC after one MLS appearance. He made his return permanent before this season, and has captained one of his two appearances this season. Eligible for Palestine through his parents, he's played for the west Asian team 9 times, scoring the winner against Pakistan on his debut.
Paraguay: Erik Lopez(Atlanta United Jr.)
On loan from his hometown Club Olimpia, the 18-year-old striker joined the Atlanta reserves on loan just earlier this month, and is set for a permanent move in 2021. He has yet to appear for the club, though in 2019 he appeared 16 times for Olimpia, scoring 4 in the league. He's already played for Paraguay at the Under-23 level, featuring in 2 losses during CONMEBOL Olympic qualification.
Philippines: Niko de Vera(Portland Timbers Jr.)
Born in Washington state, young left-back Niko de Vera spent time in the Portland Timbers youth setup before playing 60 games over 3 years at University of Akron. Playing with the Timbers' U-23 team in the PDL, after college New York Energy Drink drafted him, and he played for their USL reserve team in 2018. He returned to the Timbers organization ahead of the 2019 season, playing for the 2-team ever since. Eligible through his father, he was called up for World Cup qualification in 2019. However, he has yet to debut, making the bench just once, against China.
Poland: Dariusz Formella(Sacramento Republic)
Hailing from Gdynia on Poland's Baltic coast, left-winger Formella made his professional start at his hometown club, Arka Gdynia in the Ekstraklasa, in the 2012/13 season. He was then employed by Polish giants Lech Poznan from 2013-2018, but with several short loan spells back to Arka, Pogon Szczecin, and Rakow Czestochowa, where he earned valuable playing time. The last of these signed him permanently for 2018/19, but he came stateside and joined Sacramento ahead of 2019. He's played 15 times for them so far, including 2 goals against Tacoma the other week. He's progressed through the Polish national youth levels, appearing for the U-16, -17, -18, -19, -20, and -21 teams. He has yet to make his senior debut.
Russia: Valeri Saramutin(Austin Bold)
Born in Camden, New Jersey, he's eligible for Russia through his parents. Aged 25, he graduated Dynamo Moscow's youth academy to debut for the senior team, also playing for the reserve team. On Dynamo's books from 2012-2017, he moved to Dynamo St. Petersburg, playing in the Russian second division in 2017/18 before a brief stint with Veles Moscow in the tier below. He's been with the Texan club since their inaugural campaign, playing 30 games in midfield in their playoff push and their Cup run. For Russia, he's appeared at Under-16, -17, -18, and -19 levels.
Rwanda: Abdul Rwatubyaye(Colorado Springs Switchbacks)
Sandwiched between Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of he Congo, the small nation Rwanda only has one player in the USLC. Abdul Rwatubyaye, aged 23, started out in the youth system of Armee Patriotique Rwandaise, one of several major clubs in the capital, Kigali. He made his professional debut at crosstown club Isonga, before moving back to A.P.R., and eventually to Rayon Sports for a season. An MLS prospect, he joined Sporting KC early in 2018, making 2 appearances for the senior team and 1 for the reserves before moving to Colorado mid-season. Since joining the Switchbacks, he's played 25 games at center-back, scoring 4 along the way. Internationally, he's played 25 times, becoming a regular since his debut in 2015.
Serbia: Ilija Ilić(Indy Eleven)
Born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia in what's now Serbia, Ilić progressed through the youth teams in his hometown, including a brief loan to third-division side FK Sopot. After a collegiate career at Young Harris, with summer spells at PDL side Ocala Stampede, he joined Louisville City in 2015. He quickly became a regular in attack, with 91 appearances in all competitions from 2015-2018, helping them to two consecutive postseason titles. Joining Indiana's capital team ahead of 2019, he hasn't found the same success, playing just 22 times since. He has not yet been capped by Serbia.
St. Kitts and Nevis: Atiba Harris(Oklahoma City Energy)
The oldest player on this list, the 35-year-old defender is a veteran of MLS. After brief employment in Spain at the start of his career, he joined Real Salt Lake for the 2006 and 2007 seasons. Staying in MLS, he was an important player for several teams in one or two-year spells. After a second spell with FC Dallas, playing 84 league games between 2015-2017, he spent the first half of 2018 at Mexican third-tier side Murcielagos, before joining OKC midway through the season. He's become a key player ever since, becoming club captain in 2019 and appearing in nearly every game for them since. He also captains his national team, appearing dozens (I keep seeing conflicting figures, but at least 41) times since 2003. Notably, he scored a hat-trick in the nation's joint-best-ever result, 10-0 over Saint Martin in the Nations League.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Kyle Edwards(Rio Grande Valley Toros)
At just 23 years old, the right-sided midfielder has already had a diverse playing career. Starting out at domestic club System 3 aged 16, he moved abroad to Antigua & Barbudan club Grenades from 2015-2017. Concurrent with his college career at Ranger College and UT-RGV in Texas, he played for PDL teams Houston Dutch Lions and Brazos Valley, before signing with RGV Toros ahead of the 2020 season. He's had just 3 of their 5 games this season, but he is a senior international, debuting in 2014, aged 17. He's earned 15 caps, mostly in friendlies, and has yet to score for his nation.
Tanzania: Ally Hamis Ng'anzi(Loudoun Utd.)
Born in Mwanza and raised in Dar es Salaam, the 19-year-old midfielder signed for DC United's reserves ahead of the current season. He began his career at domestic club Singida United, he signed for Czech third-tier Vyskov in 2018. His first move to American soccer was a loan spell at Minnesota United, who in turn loaned him to USL1's Forward Madison for 2019, where he played a handful of matches. He has yet to play for his current club. He's represented his nation at Under-17 and U-20 levels. He's also trained with the U-23 team, though hasn't appeared at that level yet.
Togo: Shalom Dutey(Charlotte Independence)
The young left-back is in his first professional contract, after playing college ball with nearby Liberty University. Born to Togolese parents and raised in Charlotte, he spent a spell with USL2 side Charlotte Eagles in the 2019 season. At just 22 years of age, I haven't found much information about him. While he hasn't yet played for his USL team, he's earned several honors in his youth career, including high school All-American, and USL2 Southern Conference Team of the Season.
Turks and Caicos Islands: Billy Forbes(Austin Bold)
The 29-year-old Turks and Caicos Islander has spent his entire career in the American lower leagues. Coming through Western Texas College and Lubbock Christian University, he played for PDL Mississippi Brilla for a summer after graduation, before moving to now-defunct WV King's Warriors in West Virginia, also of the PDL. He moved to NASL team San Antonio Scorpions for 2014 and 2015, their last two seasons of existence, before moving to Rayo OKC in 2016. He first came to the USL with San Antonio FC in 2017 and 2019, with a season at Phoenix in between. He signed for Austin ahead of this season, making two substitute appearances so far. He debuted for his nation in 2008, appearing 13 times, 8 as captain.
Phew. I started writing this post a week ago today, and a couple players have joined USL clubs since then, but none with unique nationalities. If there's anything to be learned here, it's that A) a lot of these players are defenders, and specifically left-backs for some reason, and B) I should have broken this up into smaller, more manageable pieces. For my next project I'm doing an overview of football in EU overseas territories. Because why not.
Hi everyone! This is another unsolved case from Spain. This one in particular has been ranked by various Spanish crime and mystery polls as one of the most intriguing cases of our country. This is, as always, a long read. But I hope you can enjoy it. Here it goes;
Madrid, Spain Wednesday, August 13th, 1969 A 20-years old firefighter walked into an old abandoned farmstead colloquially referred to by locals as Casa de la Viuda (Widow's House), near the municipality of Hortaleza. He would later tell LE that he frequented that place on his spare time; the old house was spacious, and he liked to go there to exercise and keep himself in excellent shape -as his job required him to be. Since it had been abandoned, the farm was frequented by locals at night only, as at the time it was used as a lover's lane. However, the morning of that August 13 his routine would be shattered in the spookiest way possible. There were lots of old tools, furniture and other agricultural paraphernalia there. Among these there were several large tinajas(a type of jar-like and big recipient typical of Mediterranean and North African cultures, often used to store water, oil, or grain). One of these was particularly big. That morning the firefighter, motivated by curiosity, decided to peek inside that big tinaja. And that's when he made the disturbing discovery. There was a dead woman stuffed inside. Knowing that the police would secure the area for preserving evidence, the firefighter exited the house avoiding touching anything. He got into his car and drove to the nearest police station, informing LE about the gruesome finding. A team of investigators drove to the scene. The woman was naked. A black turtleneck sweater was wrapped tightly around her neck. Her blue jeans and her panties were later found down around her ankles. She was young, her age at the time estimated to be somewhere in her 20's. Her bleached hair was of a very pale shade of blonde which, along with her at the time fashionable late 1960's clothing and her silver shoes and purse, inspired a there present LE investigator to eloquently define her appearance as 'like a space doll'. She stood 160 cm tall (or 5'3''). Slender complexion. He face had been battered, but later on it would be ruled that the cause of dead had been mechanical asphyxiation. More specifically, her killer had squeezed her throat hard with one hand, as the finger-shaped bruises on her neck attested. She had numerous defensive wounds in the form of bruises. Death had taken place less than 48 hours earlier, and her body was barely entering into the first stages of decomposition. The swelling in her face wasn't due to the decaying process, but due to the blunt trauma-induced inflammation. This detail would make the identification process much harder than expected. There was some dry blood on her cheeks and her clothing, but no traces of blood were found on the tinaja nor around; she had been murdered somewhere else and then dropped there later. The contents of her purse, as well as the pockets in her jeans, were examined. This didn't produce any evidence that would point at the woman's identity. A strange piece of evidence was found trapped between her clenched teeth though; a small golden medallion with the following inscription embedded on it; LUCI 13-12-1962 Could her name be Lucía? And what was that date referring to? Obviously, it couldn't be her birth date, since the body belonged clearly to an adult woman. Investigators at the scene pondered that maybe it could be the name and birth date of her daughter. This clue was used in the investigation. The soil at the abandoned house showed that her killer had dragged her all the way to the tinaja where she was found in. It also showed that a car had been there. Based on the tire's pattern and the approximate wheelbase of the vehicle, investigators concluded that the car used to take the woman to there was a Renault 4L, a very popular car back then in Spain. What is more; they could also find a dent on the metal frame of the property's narrow gate. It was likely caused by a car speeding through it. Although the gate was narrow, anyone who could drive a car could easily go through it slowly. However, it seemed that someone -likely the killer- had rushed through with their car, hitting the frame in their way out, and probably full of anxiety about being seen dropping a body there. The investigators managed to retrieve samples of red colored car paint from the dent, which gave them more information about where to look. A red Renault 4L. It seemed that the tinaja, which was made of clay, had created conditions on its interior that had slowed down the decaying process in spite of the summer temperatures -tinajas make a rather cool storage space by keeping the heat out. Because of that, LE investigators managed to produce an excellent fingerprint profile from the murdered woman. It took the team just twelve hours since sampling her fingerprints to find a match. Keep in mind this was back in 1969, before fingerprint registries were in electronic form; the team had to split into several groups to compare (visually) the fingerprints with the registries of different public agencies. Twelve hours was a really quick time for a fingerprint match back then. The fingerprint match came with a strange surprise. It was found by the team that had been assigned to compare the sample with the fingerprints from the Registry of Foreign Passports. According to the match, it belonged to Kerry Payne, an American citizen. Born on December 25th, 1944 in Venice, Italy. Her parents were Richard and Nuria. The additional information in the registry mentioned 'housewife' as her professional occupation. With the new data about her identity, LE tried to contact her family and relatives to tell them the unfortunate news about her death, as well as to move forward with the murder investigation. However, things would just start to get weirder and bizarre. Payne's parents could not be located. Neither the US embassy, nor the personnel from the nearby USAF base in Torrejón de Ardoz could find anything about her within their databases. However, a matchbox advertising for a nightclub in Raleigh, North Carolina, had been found in the crime scene near the tinaja inside of which the woman had been found. The presence of this item had made investigators to put a lot of faith in thinking that sooner or later a relative of Kerry Payne would be found. The matchbox set them to contact North Carolina's authorities, leading them into another frustrating turn as this move didn't produce any results; There were no matching records of any Kerry Payne fitting the woman's personal information. It was almost like Kerry Payne, also known as Tinaja Girl and Space Doll, didn't exist. So who was that dead woman really then? Where did she come from? And of course... who killed her, and why?
Chameleon among Wolves
Having clear that the whole Kerry Payne ID was fake, the investigation had stalled. Without knowing the woman's ID, solving the crime was off question. They couldn't trace down her last movements, nor question her family nor acquaintances. The investigators split once again in teams to look for other fingerprint matches, which took a bit longer time than the initial twelve hours before the first match. After a couple of days of arduous work the investigators managed to produce a second match -which turned out to be legit. Here's another surprising aspect of the discovery of this match; it came from the team looking for results on the public mental health internment records. And so they finally had a solid name. She wasn't American, nor Italian. In fact, her origins weren't at all exotic; she was Spanish. Natividad Romero Rodríguez (commonly addressed as "Nati") was born in the small town of Siles, located at 130 km (80 mi) east of Jaén, in the middle of the semiarid, deep Manchegan countryside. Nati came to this world on July 15h, 1941, which means that she was 28 years-old when she was killed. Her mother and her brother positively identified the body by an old scar on her right forearm. Picture of a young Nati Nati had been problematic from a very young age; volatile, kleptomaniac and narcissistic. She also developed an addiction to alcohol and used drugs during her teenage years. Her working-class family could not manage to deal with her extremely difficult behavior. At the age of 16 she was committed to a mental institution in Jaén, for a total of seven years, after two suicide attempts. In the first one Nati had jumped from the window of a 4th floor. The second time she had tried slicing her wrists on the bathtub. Nati, circa 1965 The investigators' inquires revealed that Nati escaped from the mental institution and moved to Madrid in 1964. She quickly adapted to the underworld and the night life of the big city; first as a pickpocket and confidence trickster, but soon as a prostitute too. She used the name "Tania" as her identity at the time. Fifty-something questioned people later (being shown Nati's pictures), the investigators found that she lived with a man named Juan between August of 1964 and some point of the fall of 1965. There isn't much information about Juan, except that he was a black man and had a large scar on his face. He apparently was a soldier, and was sent to serve at a navy base in Rota (some 480 km, or 300 mi, southwest of Madrid). Nati didn't follow him to Rota; instead, she remained in Madrid, surviving by making money 'out of the night'. Sometimes known by the name of Tania, sometimes by the name of Luci... and yes, also known as Kerry. She also liked to change her hair color very often, sometimes up to three times a week. These questioned about Nati -including other prostitutes- stated that she often 'worked' at the bars and nightclubs near the USAF base in Torrejón de Ardoz (active from 1953 to 1992), targeting American soldiers looking to spend some of their money on local women. She seemed to have a preference for black American soldiers, as she was often seen with them. When she was not heading to a hotel room escorted by an African-American soldier, Nati catered to local patrons posing as an American woman. She was reportedly very good at feigning an American accent, and she had discovered she was better paid for her services because of that. As for her personal life, Nati claimed to be a lesbian that the only thing she wanted from men was their money, and many people recalled her being physical with women (paid or not). Nati had, however, a worrisome tendency to seek very young girls for her personal pleasure. Her acquaintances also mentioned than Nati always looked 'off' or 'sleepy', like on drugs. Although when considering this point it's worth remembering that Nati was an alcoholic and frequent drug user, on top of suffering from serious mental illness. When she didn't look drugged Nati was seen either drinking, looking for patrons or just looking for a fight; she was a violent woman who made an extensive use of foul language and profanity. As the whole story unraveled, the investigators bumped into a big 'a-ha' moment when they learned that Nati had married in 1966. The name of her husband? Leonard Payne. American citizen. USAF Airman First Class, stationed at Torrejón de Ardoz Air Base. And yes; he was African-American. Nati and Leonard, around 1966 The marriage was blessed with two children later on. It was also blessed, more obscurely, with generous money transfers from the US. These transfers amounted an average of around $2,000 a month, which in 2020 is the equivalent to about $16,000, or some 14,000€. It's not clear what kind of family background Leonard had, but his monthly salary at USAF certainly wouldn't match such amounts of money. The origin and motive of these money transfers has never been clear. The couple had rented a very expensive flat to live in. Nati, with one of the children she had with Leonard In early 1968 Leonard, who has an avionics expert, was sent to Vietnam, leaving Nati alone in Madrid. At some point of that year Leonard went MIA in Vietnam, and soon presumed dead. Seems like not long after the news of Leonard's tragic demise were received the money stopped coming, and Nati's behavior became even more erratic and unpredictable. She was eventually arrested for drugging a teen girl and sexually abusing her, a crime for which she was sent to the Ventas Prison for Women. She spent eight months there. During her time in prison she became an inmate most of the women there avoided; Nati was too volatile, too unpredictable (except for the fact that she'd resort to aggression sooner or later) and always trying to smuggle alcohol inside. In one occasion she and other two inmates ended up in the infirmary after a disastrous attempt to produce moonshine; their drink contained enough methanol to poison them. Nati and one of the two women survived. The other one died. She was often getting into scuffles there, especially taking into account the nature of the crime she'd been sent there for. One night another inmate made fun of Nati's deceased African-American husband, using a pejorative racial slur. Nati reacted by walking up to that woman and smacking her with a heavy oil can so hard that the woman needed several stitches on her face. After her release from prison in early 1969 Nati moved in with one of her friends -a former prostitute- and her boyfriend. It's not clear if this couple was taking care of Nati's children while she was in prison, or if the children were sent to the US to live with Leonard's family. Soon after Nati was kicked out of that residence, after she had been caught stealing from them; this friend's name was Lucía, and she was the owner of the golden medallion that would later be found between Neti's teeth. Apparently, Nati had found a job at a club, but she was fired soon after for being frequently caught drunk at work. From this point up until her death six months later, Nati's movements become unclear. One night of late February a police patrol car found her lying unconscious and bloodied on the sidewalk at El Retiro Park. Someone had subjected her to a savage beating. The policemen drove Nati to a hospital and, after she received treatment, they tried to convince her to fill an assault report. However Nati -concussed and with her lips grotesquely swollen- refused to do so. She also claimed that she didn't know the person who had attacked her. The policemen didn't believe that, and suspected that she had been beaten up by a pimp or a patron. According to other sex workers, Nati had spent the spring and summer of 1969 resuming her routine of trying to get black USAF soldiers to pay for her services. However, she had also expressed some concerns about her own safety, confiding to her friends that she felt 'followed'. She didn't seem to explain to them further about these feelings though. Nati was seen alive for the last time at around 4:00 AM of August 12th, 1969. Whatever happened to her between that moment and the morning of the following day when the firefighter discovered her body was a complete mystery. By early 1970 the investigation had stalled and the case became cold. Ironically, it would take one particularly cold night about one year later to warm the case back into life...
Thugs and Knives
Madrid, Spain Saturday, January 30th, 1971 7th Barbieri Street, early morning hours. The Piloto Bar was full of patrons, as it was habitual on weekend nights. Everyone was having a good time on that gelid winter night under the warm roof of the bar. Patrons drank, smoked cigarettes and chatted with their friends, probably about football. Others would bet rounds of beers among their friends over a game of table football. A barman in his 50's named Pedro Herraiz was the owner of the bar. That busy night the 32-years old waiter Álvaro Coque was working alongside with him, as well as another waiter, a kitchen porter and the cook. It was a busy, but peaceful night until that guy and his friends walked into the bar. His name was José Antonio Sánchez Gil, but everyone around knew him by the nickname 'Pepe el Guapo' ('Handsome Pepe'). His good looks and his success with women made his nickname self-explanatory. He was a tall, intimidating man who, along with his friends, regularly terrorized the neighborhood. The 29-years old Pepe was a ruthless pimp with many girls under his 'protection services'. He used that fearsome reputation to drink as much as he pleased at the local bars without paying a cent. Standing up to him would mean having Pepe and his friends doing a number to the bar, trashing the place and assaulting the staff. Pepe ordered whiskey, as he always did. And he invited his friends to drink, as he always did. Everyone at the Piloto Bar knew that standing up to Pepe was a very bad idea. However, that night Pepe made a big mistake. It would be his last one. Apparently, Mr. Herraiz had stood behind the counter looking at Pepe as he drank, not hiding his animosity towards that thug. Then Pepe, probably feeling challenged, decided to cap the night off with the ultimate humiliation; he invited Herraiz to drink a glass of his best whiskey. A drink which, of course, Pepe had zero intentions to pay for. The 'invitation' was met with a counter-offer from Herraiz; Pepe and his friends should leave the bar immediately and never come back. Herraiz had had enough, and that drink suggestion had been the straw that broke the camel's back. Pepe then grabbed an empty beer bottle from the counter and smashed it against Herraiz's forehead, dazzling him. Almost immediately Pepe jumped over the counter and started beating up Herraiz; his friends soon joined the beating, and the floored Herraiz was at the receiving end of a brutal barrage of kicks and stomps. The Piloto's staff wasted no time; they all grabbed ham knives from the kitchen and rushed back out to help their boss. Pepe and his gang pulled out their switchblades and a violent knife fight ensued. It didn't seem that things would go well for the staff, as they were being outnumbered by the thugs. The cook suffered a severe stab wound in one of his buttocks. But the waiter Coque managed to catch Pepe off-guard (the criminal was distracted fighting someone else) and drove the long knife blade into his ribcage, slicing part of his heart. Pepe collapsed almost immediately. Probably emboldened after seeing Pepe finally being at the wrong end of a knife blade, many of the patrons that night at the Piloto bar joined the fight too, siding with the staff. Pepe's gang was now overwhelmed with punches, beer bottles and even bar stools. Around this time several police officers reached the bar. All except for a couple of Pepe's friends managed to escape the beating and flee running down the street. These who couldn't had to be rescued by the police officers; the scuffle and the agitation were so intense that the officers had to use their batons to dissuade the patrons from continuing their attack on these thugs. Herraiz, who had been badly beaten, was taken to hospital, and so was the cook because of his stab wound. Both men eventually made a full recovery. Pepe, on the other hand, was pronounced dead at hospital. His violent death surprised no one, and saddened no one either. In fact, locals joked around afterwards noticing the irony behind the fact that 'Handsome Pepe' had died, literally, from a broken heart. It seems that the man who put an end to his life, the waiter Álvaro Coque (a husband and a father of two kids who had no criminal record), faced minimal or no charges. That night the police officers made some arrests. Obviously the thugs that didn't manage to escape were arrested, as well as the most aggressive patrons that had still some fight in them. But they also arrested a patron in particular, one who during the melee had been seen trying to not to get involved and leaving the scene discreetly. His name was Gregorio Ávila Sotoca, more known locally as 'Goyo'. The reasons he had tried his best to avoid the fight had nothing to do with ethics or pacifism; Goyo was well known by Madrid's LE at the time. At 28, he was a mugger, thief, and a drug dealer. But he was known especially as a pimp. He had been the subject of a search and arrest warrant for the previous six months due to a string of robberies he was a suspect of, and had spent that time trying to keep a low profile to fly under LE's radar. A picture of Gregorio Ávila Sotoca, alias 'Goyo' Goyo was placed on a cell at the main police station -something he wasn't unfamiliar with. The police chief on command of Goyo's arrest that night was a man named Manuel Lista. Mr. Lista was a tall and big man who, in spite of his intimidating appearance, never used physical force against any detainee -back in the 1970's Spain police brutality was the norm rather than the exception, especially when the detainees were regular offenders like Goyo was. Instead, Lista preferred a slow and patient method of interrogation; without even raising his voice (looking almost fatherly, in fact) he would come up with the same questions over and over, staring into the offender's eyes. He would also question the detainees at early morning hours, waking them up several times a night. That weekend Lista was reportedly trying to make Goyo confess to pimping women and robbery charges. However (according to him and his subordinates) something extremely unexpected happened. Goyo finally broke down and said; "It's about that Tinaja Girl, right? Well, I killed her". Why would Goyo supposedly admit that is not clear. Apparently, he blurted that out after Lista had asked him many times "to start talking", but no one at the station expected him to have anything to do with Nati. Goyo told them that the night of August 11th, 1969 he was very drunk and had met Nati at a café-bar. They drank some more there and then Goyo proposed Nati to go to his place, to which she refused. Then he drove her in his car -a red Renault 4L- to the abandoned house where Nati's dead body was later found. Goyo reportedly told Lista and his men that once there they 'couldn't reach and agreement and Nati started nagging and making fun of him'. This enraged Goyo, who described to Lista how he put both hands on Nati's throat and squeezed until she passed out. After that Goyo slapped her face, trying to wake her up, until he realized that Nati was dead. Finally, Goyo stripped her naked, took her money and her jewelry and hid her body inside the big tinaja. Goyo also described how he was so full of anxiety when leaving that his car gazed the gate's frame, scratching the bodywork. By the morning he had stayed at one of his girl's apartment, and Goyo told her he was leaving later that day 'for a road trip'. He told her he was leaving to León (340 kilometers, or some 210 miles, northwest from Madrid) for a few days. However, Goyo moved into the apartment of another of the prostitutes he pimped. He later called the first girl and told her he was in León, although he hadn't left Madrid. He asked her if someone 'had asked about him lately'. Goyo returned from his 'trip' a few days after Nati's body was found.
An international affair?
With that unexpected confession Goyo thereby became the main suspect for the mysterious murder of Nati Romero, the Tinaja Girl. When the word that Goyo had been arrested as a suspect for murder spread around, many girls mustered enough courage to speak up to LE about Goyo. It turned out that Goyo was a sadistic and violent pimp whose girls feared him enough to not to report even the most gruesome abuse. LE considered the girls' statements as very likely, as apparently they were quite consistent. In one particularly disturbing statement, Goyo had locked up one of the girls in his apartment and beat her up very badly. The girl managed to endure the beating, thinking that that would be all. But then Goyo had pulled out a pocketknife; this girl feared so much for her life that she jumped from the window (a 2nd floor) onto the street, and then hid under a car while a deranged Goyo screamed that he was going 'to rip her heart out' while looking for her. This girl had been found later that day by a police officer, who asked her who had attacked her. She insisted that a gang of teenage boys had jumped on her to take her money, never mentioning Goyo. What is more; Goyo had a big collection of 'tools' at home (he called them 'his toys') that he would use to discipline the girls. According to the women who came forward after his arrest, Goyo would administer, in his own words, 'pain or pleasure, depending of what the girl in particular required'. The full nature of these tools is never specified, though. A total of 54 women had come forward to tell LE what kind of monster Goyo was. Thanks to these reports, Lista and his team though they got a solid suspect in custody. It matched what they already knew about Goyo beforehand. He was often involved in street fights and had a reputation of being quick to pull out his knife when challenged or threatened. He was a very violent man, and the girls he extorted were absolutely terrified of him. Goyo was brought to trial. And then, when everyone thought that he'd be facing a long time in prison for the murder of Nati Romero, the whole case fell apart. First, Goyo denied ever having confessed killing Nati. He told the judge that he had been coerced into a confession and that he had been physically tortured. This wouldn't have gone further if not for what the defense came up with. Goyo had stated many times (according to the questioning with Lista) that he had used both hands to strangle Nati. However, the forensic doctor that had performed the autopsy had noticed that it just couldn't have been that way; whoever strangled Nati did so using only his right hand; the killer had used his left hand to pin Nati's right arm to the ground, making her more defenseless. Also, whoever killed her had hands much bigger than Goyo's (who was an average sized man). That wasn't all; Goyo said that after noticing that Nati had passed out he smacked her face several times trying to make her regain consciousness. But again, this didn't fit the forensic findings. Nati's facial injuries didn't suggest a few slaps in the face; they suggested a brutal beating, probably punched or knee'd several times in the face. Also, the facial injuries happened, in all likelihood, before being strangled, not after. The scenario provided by the forensic doctor and his team didn't suggest a quick murder like the one described by Goyo's confession. Nati had put up a tremendous fight against her attacker, reason why the killer had to pin Nati's right arm to the ground. The high amount of defensive wounds found in her body supported this scenario. If she panicked when she was attacked, she certainly did not freeze in fear. The confession is one of the darkest spots in this case. Manuel Lista was said to have never engaged in physical torture -which Goyo accused him of. However, his questioning methods could be considered psychological torture, at least nowadays. It's stated, though, that when Goyo was finally transferred from the station's cell to jail he had gone from 'dangerous hardened criminal' to a 'sobbing little boy' in the matter of a weekend. Because of the lack of evidence and the forensic findings pointing at a different story, Goyo was declared non guilty of the murder of Natividad Romero. This didn't mean he walked free though; he was sentenced to five years in prison for his pending pimping and theft charges. Goyo's lawyer appealed to the Supreme Court about his sentence; the appeal was rejected. Meanwhile, Nati's killer was still unidentified and likely at large. The Crime Brigade handed the case to the superintendent Antonio Viqueira. Viqueira (1916-1998) was a highly esteemed detective with an impressive resume; in 1958 he was behind the team that managed to catch the first official spree killers in Spain, José María Jarabo. He had also cracked several cult-related crime cases in the 1960's and 1970's, as well as apprehending a serial rapist who targeted prostitutes in the 1960's, using a clever strategy with the collaboration of the sex workers. Because of his brilliant career he was often invited for talks at Universities aimed at Crime Science students. Reportedly, he used to explain to these students that 'not only dead bodies talk; the objects found in the crime scene talk too'. And also that 'simplicity, along with logic, brings the truth to light'. Viqueira put his method to work in the Tinaja Girl case. Following his own experience, he paid attention to the objects found at the crime scene. Let's remember a particularly unusual item found near the tinaja were Nati ended up in; the matchbox. This matchbox was traced to a nightclub in Raleigh, North Carolina, in the United States. There was no way to buy it in Spanish territory, and locals would buy matches from Spanish companies. USAF airmen didn't frequent the abandoned house Nati was found at, making extremely unlikely that the matchbox had been there before Nati's murder. There were just two likely scenarios; a) Given her involvement with USAF African-American airmen -let's remember she had married one-, the matchbox belonged to Nati and b) it belonged to the killer. The Torrejón de Ardoz Air Base became the target of Viqueira's attention. He believed that the killer had ties to there. More so because according to the girl whose flat Goyo had hidden at, one time she casually discussed the Tinaja Girl case with him (whose investigation was often making headlines then) and Goyo had expressed; 'I think the Yanks did it, but don't go around talking about it'. In fact, Viqueira's inquires eventually led him to an USAF airman. He was known for patronizing prostitutes, was a physically large man... and he was also African-American. It seems that Viqueira managed to gather a significant amount of evidence against him, but the airman was never prosecuted. Some have speculated that neither American nor Spanish authorities wanted the case to move forward. A few words about US-Spain relations at the time. In December of 1959 Dwight Eisenhower became the first American president to make an official visit to Spain -some ten years earlier Truman had expressed his hatred towards the Francoist Regime, vowing to never visit Spain for as long as Franco ruled the country. Spain wouldn't receive the visit of another US president until October of 1970, when Richard Nixon met with Francisco Franco and the Monarchy at the Moncloa Palace. John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson had avoided visiting Spain while they were in office; both were vocal about their opposition to the Francoist dictatorship. US-Spain international relationship was not at its best during that time, and it started to improve slowly with Nixon. There had been recently another incident that had created a conflict between both countries, creating a sense of distrust among Spaniards towards Americans; the 1966 Palomares incident, whose social consequences had an impact even up to 1986, year in which a public referendum was held in Spain about remaining in NATO -Spain had joined in 1982, but not without a significant opposition from a good percentage of the Spanish people. By early 1970's both countries had improved their diplomatic relationship significantly, a trend that would later continue with Gerald Ford (who visited Spain in May of 1975, six months before Franco's death). Because of this, some believed that the Tinaja Girl case couldn't move forward. However, this was not the first case Viqueira had to accuse an American citizen of a serious crime; in August of 1960 an American woman named Mildred A. H. had rushed her 22-month old daughter Marcella H. to the Torrenjón de Ardoz Hospital with severe head injuries. She said that the little girl had fallen from her bed. Unfortunately, Marcella succumbed to her injuries that night. An investigation led by Viqueira ended up proving that Marcella's injuries had been caused after she had sustained a beating at the hands of her own father, Allen W. H., USAF sergeant stationed at Torrejón de Ardoz Air Base. Both husband and wife were arrested for the murder of the little Marcella; Allen as the culprit and Mildred as accomplice. Allen W. H. faced a court martial and was sentenced to prison. He ended up at the Leavenworth Penitentiary, in Kansas, where his sentence included penal labor. Apparently, the day after he murdered his daughter Allen had showed up to work, and his coworkers didn't notice anything odd or amiss; he looked absolutely calm and collected.
Whatever the true reason may have been, the African-American airman was never arrested. It could have been because the evidence gathered by Viqueira was not enough to warrant an arrest, but there's not much information about this. Gregorio 'Goyo' Ávila Sotoca has been the only person to ever face trial for the murder of Natividad 'Nati' Romero Rodríguez. Besides the African-American airman, no other suspect has come up in subsequent investigations. Once all the forensic work was done, Nati was buried on August 25th, 1969 at her hometown of Siles. While her family was very saddened about her early dead, they said that they were not surprised; Nati had been a very difficult person since a very young age, and was a matter of time before she would end up dead. She lived very fast, and died very young. Another picture of Nati Goyo Ávila Sotoca passed away in September of 1998. He was 55-years old. The case remained cold until it expired in August 13th, 1989 due to statute of limitations. The investigation was abandoned more than 30 years ago.
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2020.05.15 01:56 TimesJayA (Not Very Quick) Guide to Azur Lane Ship-girls in the Kaiserreich Universe
On a post from a few days ago of artwork imagining Queen Elizabeth as a Siren (source for the original picture; the specific post I’m talking about was ultimately removed for unrelated reasons), I talked with u/Alphaeon_28 and eventually u/Neither-Monk on the ship-girls currently in Azur Lane and their alternate history selves in the Kaiserreich universe. Kaiserreich is an alternate history universe in which Germany won World War I, based in the game series Hearts of Iron (specifically a community-made mod for the game, as the game itself is based on our timeline’s World War II). The discussion itself stemmed from another post about the fate of the Royal Navy when a lore-based revolution occurred in Great Britain. In this post, I aim to archive every ship relevant to Azur Lane that exists in the Kaiserreich universe (or at least the names of every one I could possibly find; it is next to impossible to figure out anyone that’s been renamed) and their situation in 1936 (except the Eagle Union ships, which will be sorted by which faction of the 2nd American Civil War they side with in 1937), providing details about what brought them into their current forms and any changes that have been made to them. This post will be as accurate as I can get according to data collected from a playthrough of Kaiserreich on May 14th, 2020 and, well, Wikipedia. Of course, Kaiserreich decided to have an update just a few days ago that completely revamped the navies and forced me to redo most of the information I’d already collected but I assure you, I am 100% sane~~\eye twitch*~~* I don’t think this counts as fanfiction. This is simply an attempt at documenting information based on sources from the Kaiserreich lore and in-game information, stating the differences with our timeline rather than writing stories about their actions. Of course, anyone who wants to write Kaiserreich fanfic (in their own posts) is welcome. I have no agency over that; it’s not like I am part of the Kaiserreich dev team. Additionally, while political ideologies will be mentioned, they are simply for the sake of contextualizing the timeline and which sides the ships take; I do not wish to bring alternate history politics into a subreddit about anthropomorphic warships. Note that these ship classifications are not strictly what they say in-game; Kaiserreich uses a weird assortment of ship types compared to the base version of HOI4 and also decided that all WW1 battleships are actually battlecruisers. Dreadnoughts are basically super battleships and there are at least four different types of cruisers. Either way, it’s clear that the naval system is meant to not be overly complex so things like ship profile changes can be ignored since many ships share ingame profile/design icons. ----- Eagle Union (United States) I’ll start with the United States because its situation is much more convoluted compared to the rest. The United States opted not to join the Weltkrieg (German for the Great War or World War I) due to Germany falling back on their submarine doctrine and thus suffered when German dominance of the European economy and politics took influence over world trade. When Britain suffered Syndicalist (think Communist but instead of a dictatorship, power comes from the trade unions) uprisings and eventually a full-scale revolution, the American economy suffered dearly and all but collapsed, leading to the Great Depression in 1925, four years earlier than our timeline. As such, most major shipbuilding projects ceased and the USN fell beyond other powers that were modernizing. As of 1936, the Hoover administration’s failure to solve the economic crisis has led to the rise of extremist factions beginning to vie for control of US politics in the form of the Socialist Party of America and the America First Party. Both parties make promises to end the decade of suffering for the common man but are both incompatible with each other and the moderate parties that have dominated the United States since its inception. The world watches as tensions begin to boil over during the 1936 election, as the US descends into what might be a second bloody civil war… United States Federal Government Those who stay loyal to the stars and stripes, the government may align with most moderate factions from the surviving Entente to the German Reichspackt. Due to the many ways the civil war can play out, the Feds may retain control of anything from most of the contiguous United States to only the Rocky Mountains/Great Plains and a thin line of states reaching to the capital in Washington D.C. (though if D.C. falls and the Federal Government doesn’t collapse immediately, the capital moves to Denver), with only Baltimore and Norfolk to base their fleets. If an extremist leader takes power in the 1936 election or a moderate candidate fails to take appropriate measures, Douglas MacArthur will coup the government and establish a military junta to see the United States throughout the 2nd American Civil War. Otherwise, the elected moderate president (there are a few choices) will oversee the war effort. *Note: If any faction doesn’t rise up, its associated ships will most likely remain loyal to the Federal Government. USS Massachusetts (Massachusetts-Class Carrier) – A converted dreadnought hull, Massachusetts is… kinda hard to visually describe the profile of… uh, think Akagi but with two funnels behind the bridge and the bridge has a large mast with a crow’s nest on top of it. USS North Carolina (South Carolina-Class Dreadnought) – North Carolina takes the form of a super battleship whose profile kinda more resembles HMS Hood but with standard American birdcage masts. USS Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania-Class Battleship) – Seemingly vanishes at the start of the civil war; possibly scuttled. USS Arizona (Pennsylvania-Class Battleship) – Seemingly vanishes at the start of the civil war; possibly scuttled. USS Tennessee (Tennessee-Class Battleship) USS Colorado (Colorado-Class Battleship) USS West Virginia (Colorado-Class Battleship) USS Houston (Northampton-Class Cruiser) USS Seattle (Pittsburgh-Class Armored Cruiser) – Looks like an old pre-WW1 armored cruiser. Seemingly vanishes at the start of the civil war; possibly scuttled. USS San Diego (Pittsburgh-Class Armored Cruiser) – Looks like an old pre-WW1 armored cruiser. Seemingly vanishes at the start of the civil war; possibly scuttled. USS Concord (Omaha-Class Cruiser) USS Denver (Denver-Class Cruiser) – The Denver-class looks the same as the Omaha-class. USS Cassin (Mahan-Class Destroyer) USS Downes (Mahan-Class Destroyer) USS McCall (Porter-/Somers-Class Destroyer) – Under construction at the 1936 start date. Combined Syndicates of America The Syndicalist faction aligned with the Third Internationale (Syndicalist France, Britain and Northern Italy). Based in Chicago, the faction spans the Rust Belt states of the Midwest and Central Atlantic States, having Philadelphia (and possibly New York City) as its main naval base. The faction is headed by socialist leader Jack Reed. And yes, the Northern faction is called the CSA. CNS California (Tennessee-Class Battleship) CNS Chicago (Northampton-Class Cruiser) CNS St. Louis (St. Louis-Class Cruiser) – The St. Louis-class looks the same as the Omaha-class. Also, the game calls her USS Saint Louis but let’s just ignore that… American Union State The authoritarian faction preferring isolationism. Banded from many completely different political groupings, they control most of the south from the Carolinas to Texas. Major naval bases include the capital of New Orleans, Houston, Miami, Biloxi and Mobile. The loose coalition is headed by Louisiana governor Huey Long. And yes, the Southern faction is called the Union. USS Ranger (Ranger-Class Carrier) – Looking more like our timeline’s Lexington, Ranger is a converted battlecruiser hull likely having been originally designed as a Lexington-class battlecruiser. *Also wanted to mention for Neither-Monk, USS Constellation exists as Ranger’s younger sister; basically the Saratoga to Lexington in this universe. Constellation remained loyal to the Federal Government. USS Maryland (Colorado-Class Battleship) USS Washington (Colorado-Class Battleship) – An incomplete hull (BB-47) in our timeline, Washington exists as the completed Colorado-class battleship. USS Birmingham (Chester-Class Cruiser) – The Chester-class looks the same as the Omaha-class. USS Cleveland (Denver-Class Crusier) – The Denver-class looks the same as the Omaha-class. USS Northampton (Northampton-Class Cruiser) USS Richmond (Omaha-Class Crusier) USS Memphis (Omaha-Class Cruiser) USS Gridley (Caldwell-/Clemson-/Wickes-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. USS Kimberly (Caldwell-/Clemson-/Wickes-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. Pacific States of America Breaking away from the federal government if MacArthur makes his coup, this faction wishes to stay true to the spirit of democracy, claiming to be the legitimate successor to the US government (well, everyone’s doing that but at least they’re actually democratic). Comprising the Pacific States and sometimes spanning into the Rocky Mountains, this faction rules from Sacramento and holds all West Coast naval bases (Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego and Seattle), having taken most of the West Coast’s fleets in the fracturing of the nation. Their leader is initially Governor Frank Merriam but there are a few candidates for the 1937 interim president. USS Langley (Langley-Class Experimental Carrier) – Looks the same as Langley in her usual carrier form but with a small bridge. Changes appearance upon swearing loyalty to the PSA for some reason. USS Nevada (Nevada-Class Battleship) USS Oklahoma (Nevada-Class Battleship) USS Lexington (Lexington-Class Battlecruiser) – Lady Lex was completed in her battlecruiser form. USS Saratoga (Lexington-Class Battlecruiser) – Sara was completed in her battlecruiser form. USS Pensacola (Pensacola-Class Cruiser) USS Salt Lake City (Pensacola-Class Cruiser) USS Omaha (Omaha-Class Crusier) USS Raleigh (Omaha-Class Crusier) USS Marblehead (Omaha-Class Cruiser) USS Craven (Caldwell-/Clemson-/Wickes-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. USS Maury (Caldwell-/Clemson-/Wickes-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. USS Radford (Caldwell-/Clemson-/Wickes-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. New England When the Civil War breaks out, New England is dangerously exposed to a Syndicate offensive. Canada, the leader of the Entente and refuge of British royalist exiles, has the choice to intervene and occupy the region, saving the people from the Syndicates but risking altercations with the United States Federal Government down the road. Led by Joseph William Martin Jr., the nation established is aligned with the Entente and controls the New England region (as well as Upstate New York, usually), with its capital, Boston, also being its main naval base while also possessing Providence. NES Dewey (Farragut-Class Destroyer) NES Aylwin (Farragut-Class Destroyer) ----- Royal Navy (Britain) After a crushing defeat at the Second Naval Battle of Jutland, Germany broke the Royal Navy’s blockade and, after a poorly calculated assault by the Entente, managed to eventually occupy France. The United Kingdom was eventually forced to sign the ‘Peace with Honour’, ending the Weltkrieg and handing victory to the German Empire. After years of hardship in the UK, a general strike quickly broke out into a full-scale Syndicalist revolution, causing the Royalist faction to flee. The Republican faction established the Union of Britain on the island of Great Britain, fracturing the Commonwealth in the process. Because of the split of the ideologies, the sailors of the navy had to make a choice: support the revolution or set sail for loyal shores. Now, the two sides view each other with disdain, both claiming to be the true British government. It’s been about a decade and while the Royalists plan their return home, the Congress of Trade Unions in London prepares for the forthcoming years, trying to find their place in the Third Internationale. Will the revolution continue or will the birthright be reclaimed? The following ships were lost before the 1936 start date according to lore. -HMS Renown (Renown-Class Battlecruiser) – Sunk at the second naval battle of Jutland. Apparently, most of the British battlecruisers were sunk in this action. Nobody seems sure how. -HMS Repulse (Renown-Class Battlecruiser) – Sunk at Jutland 2. -HMS Glorious (Courageous-Class Battlecruiser) – Sunk at Jutland 2 in her battlecruiser form. -HMS Rodney (Admiral-Class Battlecruiser) – Hood’s little sister, sunk at Jutland 2. -HMS King George V (King George V-Class) – The WW1 warship. Sunk by HMS Queen Elizabeth after having opened fire on a crowd of protestors during the revolution. Commonwealth of Canada Leader of the Entente and the remains of the British Commonwealth, the British Crown finds itself as exiles in Canada and trying to hold everyone together. While most of the Weltkrieg and post-Weltkrieg ships fled during the revolution, the bulk of shipbuilding industries could not be brought across the Atlantic and had to be rebuilt from scratch. With the death of King George V, Edward VIII takes the throne and with it, the responsibility of directing the exiles, moderates, monarchists and Canadians from Ottawa to their true objective: retaking the British Isles and crushing the revolution. HMCS Hermes (Hermes-Class Experimental Carrier) – Hermes takes on the appearance of HMS Argus, as in an early carrier with no bridge. HMCS Victorious (Magnificent-Class Dreadnought) – Victorious’s profile looks like the N3-class battleship design (think Nelson-class but with the third main battery turret and the bridge swapping locations. And possibly 18-inch guns). HMCS Rodney (Rodney-Class Battleship) – Rodney looks like a typical WW1 British battleship (possibly like the Revenge-class). A different ship from the previously-mentioned Admiral-class battlecruiser. HMCS Nelson (Nelson-Class Battleship) – Nelson looks near-identical in profile to Rodney; not 100% sure why they ended up being separate classes. HMCS Warspite (Queen Elizabeth-Class Battleship) HMCS Centaur (C-Class Cruiser) – The WW1-era cruiser. HMCS Curlew (C-Class Cruiser) HMCS Acasta (Acasta-Class Destroyer) – The WW1-era destroyer. HMCS Ardent (Acasta-Class Destroyer) – The WW1-era destroyer. HMCS Amazon (Acasta-Class Destroyer) – The WW1-era destroyer. Additionally, other ships were spread throughout the Commonwealth. HMAS Hood (Admiral-Class Battlecruiser) – Now serving in the Australasian (Australia + New Zealand) Navy. HMAS Grenville (V/W-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer now serving in the Australasian Navy. HMWIS Curacoa (C-Class Cruiser) – Now serving in the West Indies (Confederation of Entente-held islands in the Caribbean) Navy. HMIS Delhi (Danae-Class Cruiser) – I suppose this counts? Achilles’s post-war name is a WW1-era cruiser now serving in the Dominion of India’s (the part of India that remained loyal to the Commonwealth; basically the Northwestern part of the British Raj, including Delhi and most of our timeline’s Pakistan) Navy. Union of Britain After the revolution, the syndicalist state was established. Retaining certain British traditions, the island no longer holds the world-spanning power it did only decades ago; it does, however, still have its strong naval tradition. Having guided the government for years, Chairman Philip Snowden plans to step down soon, leaving a power vacuum in his wake and factions scrambling for influence, especially the ambitious Maximist leader Oswald Mosley. Along with its allies in the Commune of France and the Socialist Republic of Italy, London works with the Internationale to prep for war with both the German hegemony over Europe in the Reichspackt and the bitter exiles of the Entente. The fleet has been experimenting with carrier technology ever since an inspiring incident at the second naval battle of Jutland and currently has one of the largest carrier fleets in the world. RNS Illustrious (Republic-Class Carrier) - Under construction at the 1936 start date. The Republic-class looks the same as the Illustrious-class. RNS Formidable (Republic-Class Carrier) - Under construction at the 1936 start date. The Republic-class looks the same as the Illustrious-class. RNS Victorious (Republic-Class Carrier) - Under construction at the 1936 start date. The Republic-class looks the same as the Illustrious-class. RNS Naseby (Naseby-Class Dreadnought) – Formerly the Magnificent-class dreadnought HMS Illustrious, Naseby uses the same N3 design as HMCS Victorious. RNS Neptune (Neptune-Class Battleship) – The WW1-era battleship. RNS Pererloo (Queen Elizabeth-Class Battleship) – Formerly the lead ship of the Queen Elizabeth-class battleships, HMS Queen Elizabeth played an important role in the revolution in sinking the WW1 battleship King George V, siding with the Republicans and shedding her royal name. RNS Southampton (Town-Class Cruiser) – The WW1-era cruiser. RNS Bulldog (B-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. RNS Beagle (B-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. RNS Crescent (C-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. RNS Comet (C-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. RNS Cygnet (C-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. RNS Fortune (F-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. RNS Foxhound (F-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. ----- Ironblood (Germany) With their victory in the Weltkrieg and intervention in the Russian Civil War, Berlin holds the dominant position in European affairs and world trade. The German Empire’s Reichspackt holds sway over land from the English Channel to the Caspian Sea. Patrolling colonial holdings in both Africa and Asia, the Imperial German Navy has grown from a rising naval power to a world-spanning force in its own right. Of course, with such a powerful position comes complacency… the naval air arm is barely past the experimental phase by now. Germany’s old allies in Austria, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire have been busy with their own internal and external affairs, causing the Central Powers to go their separate ways. Meanwhile, the Entente licks their wounds, the Internationale plots its revenge and the Russian Republic, having had German intervention on the side of the Whites in the 1920s, shows signs of instability once more. The moderate government fears stagnation but the prestige and pride of their past victories have convinced them they are on the right path. Well, at least the economy is doing alright… w-what do you mean the Berlin Stock Market just crashed? SMS Roon (Maas-Class Carrier) – The class of small-looking carriers seems to have interesting ramps for assistance in aircraft takeoff. Now serving in the German East Asian (assortment of captured British/French colonies in Indochina, Malaysia and the Pacific excluding Fiji, southern New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand; administration based in Singapore) Navy. SMS Deutschland (Deutschland-Class Dreadnought) – As one of the larger battleships of the Imperial German Navy, the lead ship of the Deutschland-class looks like an up-scaled version of her pocket battleship self but with a third main battery turret to the stern of the warship like our Leipzig-class. SMS Friedrich der Grosse (Kaiser-Class Battleship) – The WW1-era battleship. SMS Furst Bismarck (Mackensen-Class Battlecruiser) – Probably doesn’t count but hey, it has the name Bismarck, right? This battlecruiser was planned but never built in our timeline. SMS Graf Spee (Mackensen-Class Battlecruiser) – This battlecruiser was planned but never built in our timeline. Now serving in the German East Asian Navy. SMS Scharnhorst (Yorck-Class Battlecruiser) – This battlecruiser was planned but never built in our timeline. SMS Gneisenau (Yorck-Class Battlecruiser) – This battlecruiser was planned but never built in our timeline. SMS Prinz Eugen (Prinz Eugen-Class Armored Cruiser) – A modern-ish large cruiser that looks like a smaller version of their timeline’s Deutschland-class dreadnoughts. For perspective, think the size and caliber of guns of our timeline’s Deutschland-class and the turret layout of our timeline’s Leipzig-class. Now serving in the German East Asian Navy. *There is also a cruiser called SMS Prinz Eugen in the Austrian Navy but it based on an older Austrian ship. Austria also has two destroyers called SMS Mars and SMS Jupiter under construction, which doesn’t really count but is quite funny. SMS Koln (Koln-Class Cruiser) – The WW1-era cruiser. SMS Leipzig (Koln-Class Cruiser) – The WW1-era cruiser. SMS Konigsberg (Konigsberg-Class Cruiser) - The WW1-era cruiser. Now serving in the German East Asian Navy. SMS Karlsruhe (Konigsberg-Class Cruiser) – The WW1-era cruiser. Now serving in the German East Asian Navy. ----- Sakura Empire (Japan) Aside from the occupation of the Transamur region of Russia during the Russian Civil War and collaboration with the Fengtian Government of Manchura, Japan has seen little change since the Weltkrieg. The economy stagnates and paranoia abounds of syndicalist plots to overthrow the emperor. Meanwhile, the military is filled with internal strife, the army and navy bickering now more than ever. Despite this, the emperor still rules from Tokyo and the Imperial Japanese Navy is one of the fiercest in the world. The next few years may decide Japan’s fate, what with the warlords still fighting in China, the turmoil in America and the rising tensions in Europe. Will Japan stand as a shining beacon of democracy in the east? Or will the highest authorities work to bring the Empire of Japan into a new age of glory and conquest? Hosho (Hosho-Class Experimental Carrier) – Looks the same as in our timeline but retains her bridge. Shokaku (Shokaku-Class Experimental Carrier) – Looks identical to Hosho. Ryujo (Ryujo-Class Carrier) – Looks like a smaller version of the Soryu-class. Atago (Atago-Class Carrier) – The former younger sister of Amagi and Akagi. This battlecruiser was planned but never completed in our timeline. Looks identical to Akagi in our timeline. Kaga (Kaga-Class Carrier) – Sisterhood ended with Tosa and Akagi, now Atago is my Onee-sama. Soryu (Soryu-Class Carrier) Fuso (Fuso-Class Battleship) Yamashiro (Fuso-Class Battleship) Ise (Ise-Class Battleship) Hyuga (Ise-Class Battleship) Nagato (Nagato-Class Battleship) Mutsu (Nagato-Class Battleship) Tosa (Tosa-Class Battleship) – Tosa was completed in her battleship form. Suruga (Omi-Class Battleship) – Kinda hard to explain the Omi-class. Think Nagato-class with a Yamato-style slanted funnel and the main battery turrets closer to the center of the ship, right next to the bridge. Kongo (Kongo-Class Battlecruiser) Haruna (Kongo-Class Battlecruiser) Hiei (Kongo-Class Battlecruiser) Kirishima (Kongo-Class Battlecruiser) Amagi (Amagi-Class Battlecruiser) – Amagi was completed in her battlecruiser form. Akagi (Amagi-Class Battlecruiser) – Akagi was completed in her battlecruiser form. Izumo (Izumo-Class Coastal Defense Cruiser) – A pre-WW1 armored cruiser from our timeline. Aoba (Aoba-Class Cruiser) Kinugasa (Aoba-Class Cruiser) Furutaka (Furutaka-Class Cruiser) Myoko (Furutaka-/Aoba-Class Cruiser) – Likely Furutaka-class. Chokai (Monobe-/Tokachi-Class Cruiser) – Looks like an enlongated Aoba-class. Mikuma (Monobe-/Tokachi-Class Cruiser) – Looks like an enlongated Aoba-class. Mogami (Monobe-/Tokachi-Class Cruiser) – Looks like an enlongated Aoba-class. Nagara (Nagara-Class Cruiser) Isuzu (Nagara-Class Cruiser) Abukuma (Nagara-Class Cruiser) Sendai (Sendai-Class Cruiser) Jintsu (Sendai-Class Cruiser) Naka (Sendai-Class Cruiser) Yubari (Yubari-Class Cruiser) – Looks identical to the Sendai-Class. Hatsuharu (Hatsuharu-Class Destroyer) Wakaba (Hatsuharu-Class Destroyer) Hatsushimo (Hatsuharu-Class Destroyer) Ariake (Hatsuharu-Class Destroyer) Yuugure (Hatsuharu-Class Destroyer) Shiratsuyu (Shiratsuyu-Class Destroyer) Shigure (Shiratsuyu-Class Destroyer) Yudachi (Shiratsuyu-Class Destroyer) Kawakaze (Shiratsuyu-Class Destroyer) Fubuki (Fubuki-Class Destroyer) – Looks like a Mutsuki-class destroyer. Akatsuki (Akatsuki-Class Destroyer) – Looks like a Mutsuki-class destroyer. Hibiki (Akatsuki-Class Destroyer) – Looks like a Mutsuki-class destroyer. Ikazuchi (Akatsuki-Class Destroyer) – Looks like a Mutsuki-class destroyer. Inazuma (Akatsuki-Class Destroyer) – Looks like a Mutsuki-class destroyer. Ayanami (Fubuki-/Akatsuki-Class Destroyer) – Looks like a Mutsuki-class destroyer. Hamakaze (Minekaze-/Mutsuki-Class Destroyer) – Looks like a Mutsuki-class destroyer. Mutsuki (Mutsuki-Class Destroyer) Kisaragi (Mutsuki-Class Destroyer) Uzuki (Mutsuki-Class Destroyer) Minazuki (Mutsuki-Class Destroyer) Fumizuki (Mutsuki-Class Destroyer) Nagatsuki (Mutsuki-Class Destroyer) Mikazuki (Mutsuki-Class Destroyer) Kamikaze (Kamikaze-Class Destroyer) Hatakaze (Kamikaze-Class Destroyer) Matsukaze (Kamikaze-Class Destroyer) I-56 (Kaidai-Class Submarine) – A WW1-era submarine. I-58 (Kaidai-Class Submarine) – A WW1-era submarine. ----- Iris Orthodoxy (France) Following a second mutiny in the French army in the spring of 1919 after failures on the battlefield, a general strike sparked off a revolution. With a civil war akin to Russia breaking out, the new socialist-coalition government accepted a true with Germany, agreeing to pay hefty reparations and cede parts of the French border to German influence, mirroring the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Ruling from Paris, the revolution took full control of continental France, forcing the old French Republic’s government to flee to Algiers. Just as the people split, so too did the sailors of the Marine Nationale. Both forces bide their time, across the Mediterranean from one another. The Entente-aligned French Republic wishes to return home like the British exiles in Canada wish to while the Syndicalist Commune of France considers its options regarding its neighbors in Europe while still bitterly plotting revenge against the Reichspackt. Commune of France Though having lost control over the former French colonies to the Entente and ceding the Dunkerque coastline and the rest of Lorraine to the Reichspackt, continential France has focused inwards and on its fellow Syndicalist governments in the Internationale, which it leads. Sebastien Faure heads the country with the backing of the Travailleurs but the growing influence of other factions makes it likely he will be ousted in the coming elections. As the symbol of world revolution, the Commune of France has its work cut out for it. With the Reichspackt showing cracks in its façade, the time has come to begin to confront German influence in Europe. Spain seems on the blade’s edge of a civil war, as does the United States. The Entente, of course, always persists in the back of everyone’s minds. Perhaps a Second Weltkrieg, terrible as such as a concept may be, is on the horizon. As such, France must prepare for it. Gascogne (Internationale-Class Battleship) – An incomplete hull in our timeline, Gascogne exists as the completed Normandie-class battleship. Jean Bart (Courbet-Class Battleship) – The WW1-era battleship. Le Triomphant (Cassard-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. Le Malin (Cassard-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. French Republic The government of the French Third Republic, led by war hero Philippe Petain, has taken to its holdings in French West Africa and Corsica, though having lost Morocco to German influence. There is a direct path across the Mediterranean from North Africa to southern France and the French Navy will be the sword with which to cut across it. Still, the situation in North Africa is tenuous; the native population do not wish to continue living under a flag of imperial influence and the land itself is underdeveloped compared to the mainland. For now, working with the Entente is vital to any future victory. The question of the French Republic’s future is one of leadership. Perhaps the distraction of a conflict between Germany and the French Commune can allow for a homecoming but that may hinge on co-operation with the nation that crushed France twice in the last several decades. Would they even truly be able to retake all of their homeland in a deal with Germany? Le Temeraire (Aventurier-/Bisson-/Branlebas-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. L'Opiniatre (Aventurier-/Bisson-/Branlebas-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer. ----- Sardegna Empire (Italy) Following defeat against Austria-Hungary, the Austrians reformed the nation’s government into a loose confederation of states that they could more easily control. It did not last long; Italy broke out in rebellion with several sides fight the Austrians and eventually each other. When it was all said and done, five nations remained where Italy has once existed; the Austrian-backed Italian Federation based in Milan and Venice, the Internationale’s Socialist Republic of Italy ruling most of northern Italy from Turin, the Papal State around Rome, Two Sicilies based out of Naples that rules over southern Italy and Sicily, as well as the Italian Kingdom’s original Entente-aligned government based in Cagliari, ruling over the island nation of Sardinia-Piedmont (though with little more than claim over Piedmont). With so many factions ruling over states all claiming legitimacy to the Italian peninsula, conflict is not a question of if, but when. The powder keg brews… Italia (Italia-Class Battleship) – A WW1-era battleship. Aligned with the Socialist Republic of Italy. ----- North Union (Russian Republic) The devastating Russian Civil War was won by the Whites, but not without enormous cost: the population has been rocked and most of the western territories, along with central Asia and Transamur in the east, have broken away. Japan has propped up a new government in Vladivostok claiming to be the true government of Russia but that is only one of many concerns; the red menace is not going quietly. The populace remains unsatisfied with the governance and little progress has been made on modernization since the Weltkrieg. With the assassination of unpopular President Alexsandr Kerenskiy, who will take up the head of the new government in the confusion? The monarchists? The nationalists? The socialists? Any of the many democratic factions? Russia’s future is uncertain, but it will probably not be pretty. Gangut (Gangut-Class Battleship) – Serving in the Russian Navy. Groznyy (Boykiy-Class Destroyer) – A WW1-era destroyer that was captured from Vladivostok. Now serving in the Transamur Navy. ----- Eastern Radiance (China) The empire, long united, must divide. Long divided, must united. The warlord period continues with the Qing Dynasty still holding out in Beijing, the League of Eight Provinces in the South and numerous states in the western mountains and deserts. However, the League seems unstable, as years of German exploitation of the region has led to immerging pushback and splintering of power. The Japanese-backed Fengtian Government in Manchuria watches on, waiting for the right moment to act. China’s history shows that a central power will someday arise but with so many cliques competing and the battlefield supplied by foreign backers, the process will certainly be neither short nor painless. Pinghai (Pinghai-Class Cruiser) – A pre-WW1 armored cruiser. Serving with the Qing Navy.
2020.04.24 20:02 redreplicantUpdated: Raws for Women
Hi Folks! It's been pointed out to me that the last major raws for women compilation was put together a full five years ago. About time for an updated list! Please feel free to add your own recommendations, comments and brand experiences in the thread below. This is by no means an exhaustive list. A lot of exclusive short-runs come up quick and sell out just as fast. SOME NOTES FOR WOMEN PURCHASING RAWS (skip if you don't need any advice) Raw denim has been pretty male-dominated in terms of both the target market and fandom (perhaps a bit of a cycle going on there), and so women's fits are somewhat challenging to find in the same variety. That being said, you can do pretty well for yourself if you shop thoughtfully. A few loose guidelines:
On price. These pants tend to range from about $125 up to over $400. Part of that is often the natural cost of having high quality, small batch fabric, fairly paid labor, and extra details like gussets, reinforcements, actual metal fittings, and fun extras like printed pocket bags or colorful selvedge. Sometimes it's just markup. Price often, but not always, correlates with quality in raws. Buyer beware: check where they're made, check their company's policies about fair wage and labor. Some sellers may use the high price of quality raws to inflate the price for their mass produced lower quality products. If you are reasonably cautious, you can buy these fairly ethically, to last for years, and disentangle yourself from the "buy new jeans every season" fashion churn that's become so detrimental to the planet.
Sizing. The raw denim market, as small as it is for women, is even smaller for women larger than a size 12. It sucks. A few of these brands go up to 40, but not many.
Know your actual measurements. We all know women's sizing is hot trash. I myself own pants in size 2, size 10, size 42... and they all fit. Instead of relying on your tag size, do a quick measurement with a tape (or using a string and a ruler). You want to find your natural waist (the slimmest part of your torso, more or less 2 inches above your belly button), your hip (around the widest part of the butt), your thigh (around the widest part of the thigh) and your inseam (use a well fitting pair of pants with the cut you want, and measure the crotch seam to the end at the ankle). These should arm you with enough information for any pants purchase. You may still, of course, run across bad sizing data or mismarked products, but that's hard to escape. Generally speaking, buy for your widest measurement and get the rest taken in, if you are able. That being said...
Know what you can get tailored. Your local tailor, if they're not a complete hack, should be able to take in a waist properly. They will probably be able to raise a hem or taper from the inseam so they don't mess up your selvedge. Make sure you are direct about exactly what you want, they often get customers who don't know the first thing about their clothes and give vague or impossible requests. Tapering from an inseam is very doable and if they get sketchy about it (or if they seem like they're blowing you off), go elsewhere. As a corollary: it is much more difficult to take in the butt or the yoke of your pants. If your tailor can do this, it's fantastic, but it will probably be expensive and might not look as nice as a new pair of pants would.
Since there are fewer women's cuts, and they tend to be in limited runs, there is often a real dearth of inseams. Tall women, you may end up getting mens' pairs for this reason. Some brands don't even list their womens' inseams, and they're something short like 30". Make sure you check! Also, a skinny jean hits naturally higher on the leg than a straight or boot cut (because it doesn't have to go over a shoe, and ends at the ankle), so you may be able to deal with the 32" inseam for a skinny when it would look like a highwater in a slim straight.
A note about stretch: plenty of denimheads, especially guys, seem to look down on stretch. Part of the reason, most likely, is that they don't have as many curves and neither are most mens jeans advertised by showing them skin tight on a perfect peach butt. If you want that peach butt look you're going to need stretch. That's just how cotton works, it isn't naturally a skintight clinging fiber, so it needs that 2% spandex to cling. And as a bonus, stretch means fewer blowouts and ease of movement. Haters can hate.
The fact that a pair of jeans is marketed as a mens' fit doesn't mean that it won't look great on you - just check those measurements! One of my best fitting pairs is a mens' SDA. The real difference, I've found, is that mens cuts tend to give you more room in the butt, with a long yoke, rather than a tight fit around that area. Currently a looser jean is in, so you may be perfectly happy with that.
If you can, try them on. If you can't try them on, check the return policy. Trying to tailor a pair that just doesn't fit right can be a miserable whack-a-mole of a task.
ON TO THE BRAND LIST (adapted and updated from the previous post by u/cocksure_whistler) (North) American Brands
Arturo: Several Japanese denim choices in a great size range (up to 40x34), not selvedge.
Civillianaire: Occasionally makes a women's raw; currently only offers pre-faded.
Dawson Denim: One women's cut at the time of posting, a cool repro style wide leg.
Detroit Denim: Several different cuts to serve different body types. Comes in a slightly more extensive size range than most, but inseams stop at 33."
Doublewood Denim: Several raw fits, a little flashy selvedge detail. Pretty much a jeans-only destination.
Gamine Co. Dungarees: Gardening/Workwear focused brand with two cuts. If you want to purchase it's advisable to sign up for their newsletter, as their in-stock is generally what didn't sell or was returned from preorders. They offer some nice variety - straight, demi and bold cuts as well as a couple inseams. However, they won't extend their inseams past 35" (closer to 34" in practice), even if you ask nicely. Their other clothing is workwear oriented and sturdy.
Imogene & Willie: This brand has a wide variety of jeans and pants, some pre-faded, some raw/rigid. They also have a wide selection of workwear-inspired clothing. Free hemming.
Lee: A cool reissue of some of their classics, both jeans and jackets. Very intentional cowgirl style.
Levi's: Occasionally make a nice repro raw denim jean, but currently are only offering pre-faded selvedge.
Naked and Famous: This brand has perhaps the best variety of women's cuts and styles. Skinny, high waisted, boyfriend cuts, plus overalls and cords. They also carry jackets.* Tall ladies note - most of these have much shorter inseams than mens' naked and famous. If you need a 35" or longer inseam, I personally recommend the mens' Weird Guy cut, though YMMV.
Railcar Fine Goods: Railcar is known for great women's fits. They offer custom lengths if you email them, as well as hemming with chainstitch. Railcar also offers several women's jackets and a chore coat.
Raleigh: Currently offering a couple of women's fits, both in raw stretch denim. You can also get them in pre-washed. They also offer a number of stylish pieces, leaning more Anthropologie than workwear.
Shockoe Atelier: Two women's cuts, one raw stretch - but not selvedge. I've been to this location and met their crew, great folks. They'll cut a custom inseam for you if requested. All their pants are sewn in-house. I also recommend the Armstrong men's cut.
Tellason: Occasionally makes a women's cut, but none are stocked as of this post.
Nudie (unisex) Nudie has a huge selection of jeans, including some specifically cut for women, but none of their raw selvedge falls into this category. Depending on your body type and cut preferences, you may have some luck with their unisex (all modeled by gents though!) cuts.
Eat Dust: Several fits, one stretch, made in Belgium.
Filippa K: Two jean styles in classic fits, one cropped and one full length, with stretch. Also a jacket.
HUIT: Several good looking styles, inseams to 34."
__ Some notes about jackets: Jackets can be pretty tricky to size because often women's styles have darting to accentuate ya figure. This means, generally speaking, that there are seams down the front and/or back allowing extra room for boobs. If you don't need a whole lot of room in that area, you may be able to rock a men's jacket - just check the chest width and (importantly!) shoulder width from seam to seam (unless it has dropped or dolman sleeves, in which case you are on your own). So for instance, I, a woman with mediumish boobs, can wear a men's jacket provided that I don't mind it being a little boxy and that it has a 17" shoulder width and a 19" chest measurement (plus very long sleeves in my case). A lot of women's jackets have a very small shoulder width and very short sleeves. If you get a jacket that is too small or a lot too big in the bust, you probably should return it. But if the sleeves are too long - that is super easy to get tailored.
Each year, my first sim is a valiant attempt to resurrect a struggling franchise. The past few years have been the Pirates (10 years just to get back to the Wild Card), the Orioles (finally ate the Davis contract and got them respectable by 2025 but no hint of the playoffs when I abandoned them) and the Tigers (a surprisingly quick turnaround that had more to do with the competition in the AL Central than my amazing GM abilities). This year, I am simming the moribund Mariners franchise (sorry M's fans, but you know it's true). I made some trades and I've finally got them to the point where they are close to contention. The Astros had a selloff and the Angels can't keep a pitcher healthy for more than a month -- art imitating life, I suppose). I'm pretty solid at every position, either through the trades I made or through keeping Trader Jerry's hands off the farm system. My pitching staff is ... adequate. Gonzalez never really turned a corner but Justin Dunn has become about the second-best No. 2 starter in the league. I signed Aaron Nola and traded for Jon Heasley when he was in Class AA and he's turned into a semi-legit ace in his second season. Kelenic got moved to left field; I got Bleday from the Marlins for scraps and he's been awesome. I fleeced Miami again in a deal for Florial to play center. He's a good fielder but a terrible hitter so maybe it wasn't really a fleece. Josh Jung is at third, Evan White (who won the MVP in 2024) at first and Cal Raleigh has become a top-flight, bat-first catcher. But I have a real quandary with what to do with my middle infield. I've got 2 potentially good players at 2B (Garrison Burress and Nick Gonzalez) and two potentially very good to great players at SS (Ed Howard and Noelvi Marte). Second isn't really a problem. Their fielding is about equal so one will play 2B and the other will DH. Their trade value isn't nothing but it's far less than the guys at SS. Marte made the show first, and he's been about what I expected. His OPS+ is 109 and he put 4.8 WAR in his first full season. I've kept Howard in AAA but he's tearing it up there (.860 OPS, 126 OPS+ and 6.1 WAR). Howard's bat is clearly more advanced than Marte's but his defense isn't quite as good. Either one of these guys will fetch a top-flight starting pitcher (either an established star or an up-and-comer on a cheap contract). The return for Howard is slightly higher but not enough to really make a difference. Tossing in a low-ceiling Class A relief pitcher equals out the return. So, my OOTP brethren, who would you keep and who would you jettison? Edit: And it's evident I don't know how to embed a link to imgur here. Any help on that front would be appreciated. here is the link: https://imgur.com/a/TucVyjs
64% of those living in Jordan and Kuwait are inbred.
63% of Sudanese are inbred. 60% of Iraqis are inbred.
54% of Muslims in the United Arab Emirates and Qatar are inbred.
25-30% of those in Turkey are inbred.
In England, at least 55% of Pakistani immigrants are married to their first cousins.
In Denmark the number of inbred Pakistani immigrants is around 40%.
Cousin marriage in the Middle East Muhammad practiced incest, sanctioned incest 1400 years of inbreeding: "The massive inbreeding in Muslim culture may well have done virtually irreversible damage to the Muslim gene pool, including extensive damage to its intelligence, sanity, and health." - Nikolai Sennels, Danish psychologist According to Sennels, close to half of all Muslims in the world are inbred. Health:
While Pakistanis are responsible for three percent of the births in the UK, they account for 33% of children with genetic birth defects.
The risks of what are called autosomal recessive disorders such as cystic fibrosis, spinal muscular atrophy is 18x higher
The risk of death due to malformations is 10x higher
100% increase in the risk of stillbirths
50% increase in the possibility that a child will die during labor
Children of consanguineous marriages lose 10-16 IQ points
The risk of having an IQ lower than 70
Retard classification increases 400% among children of cousin marriages
In Denmark, non-Western immigrants are more than 300% more likely to fail the intelligence test required for entrance into the Danish army.
One-third of the budget for Danish schools is consumed by special education, and anywhere from 51% to 70% of retarded children with physical handicaps in Copenhagen have an immigrant background.
Studies indicated that 64% of schoolchildren with Arabic parents are still illiterate after 10 years in the Danish school system.
The Arab world translates just 330 books every year, about 20% of what Greece alone does
In the last 1,200 years of Islam, just 100,000 books have been translated into Arabic, about what Spain does in a single year
Seven out of 10 Turks have never even read a book.
Only 4 Mulsims have won the Nobel Prize for anything other than "peace"
Muslim countries produce just 10 percent of the world average when it comes to scientific research measured by articles per million inhabitants.
''Saudi Arabia is a living genetics laboratory,'' said the executive director of the Prince Salman Center for Disability Research, Dr. Stephen R. Schroeder, an American geneticist who has been doing research in Saudi Arabia for the last year. ''Here you can look at 10 families to study genetic disorders, where you would need 10,000 families to study disorders in the United States.''
A rough estimate shows that close to half of all Muslims in the world are inbred
In Pakistan, 70% of all marriages are between first cousins
In Turkey, 25-30% of all marriages are between first cousins
34 percent of all marriages in Algiers are consanguine (blood related), 46 percent in Bahrain, 33 percent in Egypt, 80 percent in Nubia (southern area in Egypt), 60 percent in Iraq, 64 percent in Jordan, 64 percent in Kuwait, 42 percent in Lebanon, 48 percent in Libya, 47 percent in Mauritania, 54 percent in Qatar, 67 percent in Saudi Arabia, 63 percent in Sudan, 40 percent in Syria, 39 percent in Tunisia, 54 percent in the United Arabic Emirates and 45 percent in Yemen (Reproductive Health Journal, 2009)
A large part of inbred Muslims are born from parents who are themselves inbred
Among Pakistanis living in Denmark, 40 percent are inbreeding & 15 percent among Turkish immigrants More than half of Pakistani immigrants living in Britain are intermarried:
The black population: At 41.6%*, blacks were more likely to participate in government assistance programs in an average month.
Hispanics at 36.4%*
Asians or Pacific Islanders at 17.8%*
non-Hispanic whites at 13.2%*
Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Participation in Government Programs, 2009–2012: Who Gets Assistance? Average Monthly Participation Rates for Major Means-Tested Programs by Race and Hispanic Origin: 2009–2012 (Participated 1 or More Months) Page 8 In a 3 year period from 2009-20012, the black population has seen a 2% increase in welfare participation to 48.6%. Almost half their population is on long-term welfare assistance. 45.7% of hispanics are on long-term assistance. While only 13% of whites are on long-term assistance. Accumulated Months of Participation in Major Means-Tested Programs by Race and Hispanic Origin: January 2009–December 2012
56.3%* of black people participate between 37 and 48 months.
47.2% Asian or Pacific Islander
While white people make up the bulk of short-term (1-12 month) claims. Average Monthly Participation Rates for Major Means-Tested Programs by Family Type: 2009–2012 Page 9 Single mother homes make up 50% of claims up 4% from 2009. For long-term applicants of single-mother homes, the number goes up to 58%. https://www.census.gov/library/publications/2015/demo/p70-141.html US: Immigrants on welfare cost taxpayers 30-86% more than locals
The average household headed by an immigrant (legal or illegal) costs taxpayers $6,234 in federal welfare benefits, which is 41 percent higher than the $4,431 received by the average native household.
The average immigrant household consumes 33 percent more cash welfare, 57 percent more food assistance, and 44 percent more Medicaid dollars than the average native household. Housing costs are about the same for both groups.
At $8,251, households headed by immigrants from Central America and Mexico have the highest welfare costs of any sending region — 86 percent higher than the costs of native households.
Illegal immigrant households cost an average of $5,692 (driven largely by the presence of U.S.-born children), while legal immigrant households cost $6,378.
The greater consumption of welfare dollars by immigrants can be explained in large part by their lower level of education and larger number of children compared to natives. Over 24 percent of immigrant households are headed by a high school dropout, compared to just 8 percent of native households. In addition, 13 percent of immigrant households have three or more children, vs. just 6 percent of native households.
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