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Um guia para o golpe boliviano de 2019 (tradução automática)

2019.11.12 21:42 xi_save_earth Um guia para o golpe boliviano de 2019 (tradução automática)

Conteúdo original de https://pastebin.com/WWKsnBqR.
Reuni isso para combater os argumentos que tenho visto com mais frequência em relação ao golpe contra Evo Morales na Bolívia.

Reivindicação 1: Evo encheu o tribunal cheio de partidários para que ele pudesse se tornar presidente vitalício

Em 2016, foi realizado um referendo para determinar se Evo Morales seria capaz de concorrer à reeleição. Ele perdeu por pouco este referendo.
Evo Morales concordou em cumprir os resultados do referendo de 2016, impedindo sua candidatura à reeleição até o Supremo Tribunal reverter a decisão.
https://www.lostiempos.com/actualidad/pais/20171129/tribunal-constitucional-avala-reeleccion-indefinida-evo-morales
Muitos estabelecimentos ocidentais alegaram que Evo Morales lotou a corte para manter o poder. No entanto, esta afirmação é questionável.
A constituição boliviana de 2009, aprovada por referendo, especifica o processo pelo qual uma pessoa é submetida ao Supremo Tribunal Federal. Você pode ler a constituição completa aqui: https://web.archive.org/web/20090521023641/http://www.presidencia.gob.bo/download/constitucion.pdf
O processo é o seguinte: Os candidatos ao tribunal constitucional são pré-selecionados pela Assembléia Legislativa. Há um juiz correspondente a cada um dos nove departamentos (estados) da Bolívia. Cada estado vota em seu juiz e o vencedor do voto popular é colocado na quadra.
É absolutamente desonesto agir como se o processo de seleção boliviano fosse menos democrático do que o que existe na grande maioria do mundo. Nos Estados Unidos, os juízes da Suprema Corte são selecionados por uma pessoa (o presidente, que nem precisa ter ganho um voto popular em todo o país) e aprovados sem nenhuma contribuição dos cidadãos pelo Senado (a câmara do Congresso que menos reflete a popularidade vontade, pois é independente da população).
Evo está no poder desde 2006. Embora seja uma quantidade decente de tempo, não vamos esquecer que Angela Merkel é a chefe do ramo executivo da Alemanha desde 2005, e ninguém está questionando seu mandato.

Reivindicação 2: a eleição de 2019 foi cheia de irregularidades ou fraudada

Essa narrativa foi perpetuada pela OEA e por grupos de oposição na Bolívia sem provas.
A primeira alegação de irregularidades eleitorais foi publicada em um comunicado de imprensa da OEA (https://www.oas.org/en/media_centepress_release.asp?sCodigo=E-085/19). A reivindicação deles:
A Missão da OEA manifesta sua profunda preocupação e surpresa com a mudança drástica e difícil de explicar na tendência dos resultados preliminares revelados após o encerramento das pesquisas.
Às 19:40 do domingo, 20 de outubro, o TSE divulgou os resultados do TREP. Esses números indicavam claramente uma segunda rodada, uma tendência que coincidia com a única contagem rápida autorizada e o exercício estatístico da Missão. Nossas informações foram compartilhadas hoje com o TSE e o Ministério de Relações Exteriores.
Às 20:10, o TSE parou de divulgar resultados preliminares, por decisão do plenário, com mais de 80% dos votos contados. 24 horas depois, o TSE apresentou dados com uma inexplicável mudança de tendência que modifica drasticamente o destino da eleição e gera uma perda de confiança no processo eleitoral.
Para entender essa situação, é preciso primeiro entender o sistema eleitoral da Bolívia. Essa análise estatística, conduzida pelo Centro de Pesquisa Econômica e Política em Washington DC, fornece uma boa visão geral do sistema eleitoral: http://cepr.net/images/stories/reports/bolivia-elections-2019-11.pdf?v=2
Há potencialmente duas rodadas nas eleições presidenciais da Bolívia. Um candidato que recebe mais de 50% dos votos, ou pelo menos 40%, com 10 pontos percentuais de vantagem sobre o vice-campeão no primeiro turno, é declarado vencedor. Se nenhum candidato atender a um desses requisitos, os dois candidatos com mais votos deverão se enfrentar nas eleições de segundo turno.
...
O TSE possui dois sistemas de contagem de votos. O primeiro é uma contagem rápida, conhecida como Transmissão de Resultados Eleitorais Preliminares (TREP, a seguir denominada contagem rápida). Este é um sistema que a Bolívia e vários outros países latino-americanos implementaram seguindo as recomendações da OEA. Foi implementado para a eleição de 2019 por uma empresa privada em conjunto com o Serviço de Registro Cívico (SERECÍ), o serviço de registro civil, e foi projetado para fornecer um resultado rápido - mas incompleto e não definitivo - na noite das eleições para dar aos meios de comunicação uma indicação da tendência de votação e informar o público. É improvável que o TSE processe 100% dos resultados na contagem rápida de votos em todo o país devido a limitações logísticas e a quantia processada pode variar amplamente de acordo com a geografia e o tipo de votação. Por exemplo, no referendo constitucional nacional de 2016, processou 81,2% dos resultados antes de realizar uma conferência de imprensa por volta das 18h15. na noite da eleição. Os resultados do referendo autônomo de 2016 foram divulgados para cada jurisdição, com 66,7 a 100% dos resultados processados ​​às 19h30. na noite da eleição. Nas eleições judiciais de 2017, uma Missão de Especialistas Eleitorais da OEA elogiou o desempenho do sistema de contagem rápida por divulgar os resultados em 80%, por volta das 21h30.
O segundo sistema de contagem de votos é a contagem oficial (ou cómputo), que é juridicamente vinculativa sob a lei boliviana. A contagem oficial é mais completa e precisa e leva mais tempo. É o único sistema válido de contagem de votos, e o TSE o utiliza para determinar e anunciar os resultados finais das eleições.
Após a conclusão da votação, as cédulas individuais são contadas nas estações de voto e agregadas em actas ou folhas de registro. Para a contagem rápida não vinculativa, os resultados das folhas de registro são enviados aos operadores de verificação SERECÍ por meio de um aplicativo móvel, juntamente com fotos das próprias folhas. As fichas de registro são então enviadas fisicamente para um Tribunal Eleitoral Departamental (TED), onde as informações são verificadas e inseridas na contagem oficial.
O mesmo relatório também indica que o salto nas votações observado pela OEA não era apenas estatisticamente possível, mas provável. A interrupção nas transmissões do TREP ocorreu porque demorou mais tempo para a votação rural chegar. De qualquer forma, nenhuma irregularidade ocorreu na contagem oficial.
Além disso, uma análise das pesquisas de opinião na Bolívia antes das eleições parece mostrar resultados semelhantes. Pesquisas entre eleitores elegíveis mostraram que Evo recebeu entre 42,8 e 51,9% dos votos contra 25,6 a 34,3% de Mesa: https://www.as-coa.org/articles/poll-tracker-bolivias-2019-presidential-race
Os resultados oficiais das eleições, se é que mostram alguma coisa, mostram um leve impulso para Mesa, com Morales recebendo 47,08% e Mesa recebendo 36,51% dos votos. Esses resultados não são muito diferentes das pesquisas anteriores à eleição.
No entanto, no domingo, a OEA divulgou sua auditoria das eleições e recomendou uma nova eleição. Reservei um tempo para ler esta auditoria e determinar quais eram as suas queixas. Você pode encontrar o texto dessa auditoria aqui (em espanhol): http://www.oas.org/documents/spa/press/Informe-Auditoria-Bolivia-2019.pdf
Suas queixas, resumidas:
Criticou a segurança e o procedimento dos sistemas de computador, tanto para a contagem rápida quanto para a oficial, incluindo reclamações sobre como foi testado, configuração do servidor e controles de acesso ao software.
O redirecionamento de transmissões de certas máquinas na contagem rápida TREP para um servidor externo não reconhecido.
Uma análise de várias irregularidades relatadas constatou que 23% delas eram credíveis.
A OEA reconheceu a dificuldade de verificar os resultados nos municípios de Chuquisaca, Beni, Pando, Potosí e Santa Cruz devido à destruição de cédulas e equipamentos eleitorais. [NOTA: essa destruição pós-eleitoral do material eleitoral ocorreu durante protestos organizados pela oposição de Morales por manifestantes antigovernamentais https://www.thenation.com/article/bolivia-elections-morales/]
Faltava segurança processual das eleições em vários distritos (regras que não são seguidas pelos funcionários eleitorais locais)
Em conseqüência, a OEA concluiu:
A equipe de auditoria não pode validar os resultados da presente eleição e recomenda outro processo eleitoral. O processo futuro deve contar com novas autoridades eleitorais para poder realizar eleições confiáveis.

Reivindicação 3: Este não é um golpe, mas uma restauração da democracia

Quando os resultados desta auditoria foram divulgados, Evo Morales concordou imediatamente com uma nova eleição com uma nova comissão eleitoral. Apesar disso, os líderes da oposição Carlos Mesa e Luis Fernando Camacho exigiram a renúncia de Evo e o impedimento de sua participação nas novas eleições. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/10/evo-morales-concedes-to-new-elections-after-serious-irregularities-found
Essa é uma demanda ... interessante: como a auditoria da OEA não encontrou evidências de manipulação por parte do governo Morales ou de seu conselho eleitoral, eles apenas encontraram falhas que poderiam ter sido manipuladas e sua recomendação era que o governo investigasse essas falhas e determinasse a responsabilidade. Exigir uma renúncia do Presidente parece uma postura bastante rígida nesse cenário.
Horas após esse anúncio, vários generais realizaram uma conferência de imprensa na qual pediram a Morales que renunciasse à presidência. Evo cedeu às suas demandas logo depois, concordando em renunciar como presidente para "garantir a paz social".
https://elpais.com/internacional/2019/11/10/actualidad/1573386514_263233.html
Autoridades policiais e militares começaram a prender funcionários da Suprema Corte, funcionários do Tribunal Eleitoral e políticos do partido MAS depois que Evo renunciou.
https://www.notimerica.com/politica/noticia-bolivia-detenidos-25-miembros-tribunales-electorales-irregularidades-comicios-presidenciales-20191111172213.html
Houve um colapso civil, com apoiadores de ambas as partes atacando casas e prédios do governo. A casa de Evo Morales foi arrombada e saqueada. A embaixada da Venezuela na Bolívia também foi demitida.
https://www.clarin.com/mundo/atacaron-casa-evo-morales-cochabamba-saqueos-varias-ciudades-bolivia_0_6zbi-rOV.html
Os líderes da oposição entraram no palácio do governo ainda no domingo, incluindo Luis Fernando Camacho. A Wiphala (bandeira indígena que se tornou a bandeira secundária da Bolívia) foi derrubada. Um dos participantes (um pastor) colocou uma Bíblia na bandeira boliviana e disse: “A Bíblia voltou ao palácio. O Pachamama nunca mais voltará. ”O Pachamama é uma deusa importante do povo indígena da Bolívia.
https://www.jornada.com.mx/ultimas/mundo/2019/11/11/nunca-mas-volvera-la-pachamama-al-palacio-de-gobierno-en-bolivia-3923.html
O próprio Camacho é um ex-membro da União da Juventude de Santa Cruz, que, de acordo com Max Blumenthal, é uma organização nacionalista de direita explicitamente envolvida em violências anti-Morales e anti-indígenas.
https://thegrayzone.com/2019/11/11/bolivia-coup-fascist-foreign-support-fernando-camacho/
Os militares e a polícia já declararam que iniciarão operações para restaurar a ordem na cidade de El Alto. El Alto tem sido historicamente um local de protesto indígena e é uma área que apoia Evo Morales.
https://www.france24.com/es/20191112-bolivia-choques-policia-evo-mortales
Quase todos os políticos na linha de sucessão imediata deixaram o cargo ou foram presos após a remoção de Morales. Isso inclui Alvaro Garcia, ex-vice-presidente, e a presidente do Senado, Adriana Salvatierra (ambos membros do MAS). Jeanine Añez, líder da oposição no Senado, reivindicou o papel de presidente interina. Em outras palavras, o líder do partido minoritário na câmara alta assumiu o controle do poder executivo, apesar de o mandato de Morales das eleições de 2014 o ter mantido no cargo até janeiro do próximo ano, quando o próximo presidente seria ser inaugurado.
https://www.elpais.com.uy/mundo/renuncia-evo-morales-quedara-cargo-bolivia.html
Morales procurou asilo no México e chegou lá hoje. Jeanine Añez disse que o único objetivo de seu governo de transição é promover novas eleições, mas ainda não foi definida uma data. As duas casas do Congresso ainda precisam confirmar sua presidência.
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-50383608
No que diz respeito a um golpe, não importa realmente se a auditoria da OEA é precisa na avaliação da fraude eleitoral.
Evo Morales concordou imediatamente em atender ao pedido e só se demitiu depois que os militares o pediram. Definitivamente, isso é um golpe de estado e é altamente incomum que não esteja sendo relatado como tal, especialmente porque atualmente não há presidente em exercício, mas os militares já começaram ações de execução unilateralmente em El Alto.

Bônus: Esta é obviamente uma operação apoiada pelos EUA, certo?

A análise histórica básica leva a suspeitar do envolvimento dos EUA de uma forma ou de outra, mas é importante poder apoiar essas alegações com evidências.
Recentemente, uma série de gravações de áudio vazadas parece ter fornecido as primeiras evidências claras de envolvimento externo na Bolívia. 16 gravações de áudio sugerem que figuras do governo americano, colombiano e brasileiro falaram e apoiaram líderes da oposição boliviana em seu objetivo de remover Morales do poder. Os senadores norte-americanos Marco Rubio, Bob Menendez e Ted Cruz são todos mencionados pelo nome. Os planos descritos nas gravações de áudio vazadas incluem a queima de casas de políticos e o ataque à embaixada cubana.
https://elperiodicocr.com/bolivia-filtran-audios-de-lideres-opositores-llamando-a-un-golpe-de-estado-contra-evo-morales/
Marco Rubio já havia twittado expressando preocupação com as eleições bolivianas logo após as eleições, antes que a OEA emitisse sua declaração de preocupação com as eleições. Rubio escreveu seu tweet às 10h12, enquanto o relatório da OEA era publicado por volta das 21h.
https://twitter.com/marcorubio/status/1186284033178767361 https://twitter.com/OAS_official/status/1186456799089692673
Donald Trump aplaudiu o exército boliviano por remover Evo Morales, chamando sua renúncia de "vitória para a democracia". https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/statement-president-donald-j-trump-regarding-resignation-bolivian-president-evo-morales/
O Grayzone informou sobre ligações entre membros da oposição boliviana e agentes de mudança do regime de inteligência dos EUA. O fundador da Rios de Pie, uma organização supostamente ambientalista, tem vários vínculos circunstanciais com a CANVAS, um grupo vinculado à CIA que esteve envolvido em várias operações de mudança de regime. Não é uma prova concreta de nada, mas é suspeita. https://thegrayzone.com/2019/08/29/western-regime-change-operatives-launch-campaign-to-blame-bolivias-evo-morales-for-the-amazon-fires/
Edit: Yuri Calderón (o general que exigiu a renúncia de Morales) trabalhou como adido militar em DC em 2013, e com a APALA (Polícia Agregada da América Latina), com sede em DC.
https://twitter.com/jebsprague/status/1193986589749211136?s=21
Não posso dizer com absoluta certeza que os EUA estiveram envolvidos nesse golpe, mas as considerações históricas e as evidências circunstanciais correspondem a um padrão de operações anteriores de mudança de regime apoiadas pelos EUA em um grau significativo.
Independentemente da sua opinião sobre Evo Morales e se a eleição é questionável, há boas razões para se preocupar com a situação na Bolívia, especialmente para as populações indígenas que historicamente enfrentam violência e opressão racistas. Já vimos atos destrutivos contra símbolos indígenas e os vínculos entre os golpistas e grupos de extrema-direita são significativos.ência, a OEA concluiu:
A equipe de auditoria não pode validar os resultados da presente eleição e recomenda outro processo eleitoral. O processo futuro deve contar com novas autoridades eleitorais para poder realizar eleições confiáveis.
submitted by xi_save_earth to BrasildoB [link] [comments]


2019.11.12 19:10 unorc [EFFORT POST] Counter CIA Propaganda - A guide to the situation in Bolivia

I put this together to counter the arguments I've been seeing most commonly with regard to the coup against Evo Morales in Bolivia.

Claim 1: Evo packed the court full of loyalists so that he could become president for life

In 2016, a referendum was held to establish whether Evo Morales would be able to run for re-election. He narrowly lost this referendum.
Evo Morales agreed to abide by the results of the 2016 referendum preventing his candidacy for reelection until the Supreme Court reversed the decision.
https://www.lostiempos.com/actualidad/pais/20171129/tribunal-constitucional-avala-reeleccion-indefinida-evo-morales
Many western outlets have claimed that Evo Morales packed the court in order to hold onto power. However, this claim is questionable.
The 2009 Bolivian constitution, approved by referendum, specifies the process by which a person is put on the Supreme Court. You can read the full constitution here: https://web.archive.org/web/20090521023641/http://www.presidencia.gob.bo/download/constitucion.pdf
The process is as follows: Candidates for the constitutional court are preselected by the Legislative Assembly. There is one judge corresponding with each of the nine departments (states) in Bolivia. Each state votes for their judge and the winner of the popular vote is placed on the court.
It is absolutely dishonest to act like the Bolivian selection process is any less democratic than the one that exists in the vast majority of the world. In America, Supreme Court judges are selected by one person (the President, who doesn't even need to have ever won a popular vote nationwide) and approved without any input from the citizenry by the Senate (the chamber of Congress that least reflects popular will, as it is population-independent).
Evo has been in power since 2006. While that's a decent amount of time, let's not forget that Angela Merkel has been the head of the executive branch of Germany since 2005, and no one is questioning her mandate.

Claim 2: The 2019 election was full of irregularities or rigged

This narrative has been perpetuated by the OAS and opposition groups in Bolivia without evidence.
The first claim of election irregularities was published in a press release by the OAS (https://www.oas.org/en/media_centepress_release.asp?sCodigo=E-085/19). Their claim:
The OAS Mission expresses its deep concern and surprise at the drastic and hard-to-explain change in the trend of the preliminary results revealed after the closing of the polls.
At 19:40 on Sunday, October 20, the TSE disseminated the results of the TREP. These figures clearly indicated a second round, a trend that coincided with the only authorized quick count and the statistical exercise of the Mission. Our information was shared today with the TSE and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
At 20:10, the TSE stopped disclosing preliminary results, by decision of the plenary, with more than 80% of the votes counted. 24 hours later, the TSE presented data with an inexplicable change in trend that drastically modifies the fate of the election and generates a loss of confidence in the electoral process.
To understand this situation, one must first understand Bolivia's election system. This statistical analysis, conducted by the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington DC, provides a good overview of the election system: http://cepr.net/images/stories/reports/bolivia-elections-2019-11.pdf?v=2
There are potentially two rounds in Bolivia’s presidential elections. A candidate receiving either more than 50 percent of the vote, or at least 40 percent with a 10 percentage point lead over the runner-up in the first round, is declared the winner. If no candidate meets either of these requirements, the two candidates with the most votes must face each other in a runoff election.
...
The TSE has two vote-counting systems. The first is a quick count known as the Transmisión de Resultados Electorales Preliminares (TREP, hereafter referred to as the quick count). This is a system that Bolivia and several other Latin American countries have implemented following OAS recommendations. It was implemented for the 2019 election by a private company in conjunction with the Servicio de Registro Cívico (SERECÍ), the civil registry service, and is designed to deliver a swift — but incomplete and not definitive — result on the night of the elections to give the media an indication of the voting tendency and to inform the public. The TSE is unlikely to process 100 percent of the results in the quick count in nationwide votes due to logistical limitations and the amount processed can vary widely by geography and the type of ballot. For example, in the 2016 nationwide constitutional referendum, it processed 81.2 percent of the results before it held a press conference at about 6:15 p.m. on election night. The 2016 autonomous referendum results were released for each jurisdiction with between 66.7 and 100 percent of the results processed at 7:30 p.m. on election night. In the 2017 judicial elections, an Electoral Experts Mission of the OAS praised the performance of the quick count system for releasing the results at 80 percent at around 9:30 PM.
The second vote-counting system is the official count (or cómputo), which is legally binding under Bolivian law. The official count is more thorough and precise and takes longer. It is the only valid vote tallying system, and the TSE uses it to determine and announce the final election results.
Once voting has concluded, individual ballots are counted in voting stations and aggregated into actas, or tally sheets. For the nonbinding quick count, the results from the tally sheets are sent to SERECÍ verification operators via a mobile app, along with photos of the sheets themselves. The tally sheets are then physically sent to a Departmental Electoral Tribunal (TED), where the information is verified and entered into the official count.
This same report also points out that the jump in votes noted by the OAS was not only statistically possible, but likely. The halt in TREP transmissions occurred because it took additional time for rural votes to arrive. Either way, no such irregularity occurred in the official count.
In addition, an analysis of polls in Bolivia ahead of the election seem to show similar results. Polls of eligible voters showed Evo receiving between 42.8 and 51.9 percent of votes against Mesa’s 25.6 to 34.3 percent: https://www.as-coa.org/articles/poll-tracker-bolivias-2019-presidential-race
The official election results, if anything, show a slight boost for Mesa, with Morales receiving 47.08% and Mesa receiving 36.51% of the vote. These results are not too different from the polling ahead of the election.
However, on Sunday, the OAS released their audit of the elections and recommended a new election. I took the time to read this audit and determine what their complaints were. You can find that audit’s text here (Spanish): http://www.oas.org/documents/spa/press/Informe-Auditoria-Bolivia-2019.pdf
Their complaints, summarized:
Criticized the security and procedure of the computer systems for both the quick and the official count, including complaints about how it was tested, server configuration, and software access controls.
The redirection of transmissions from certain machines in the quick count TREP to an unrecognized external server.
An analysis of several reported irregularities found 23% of them to be credible.
The OAS acknowledged the difficulty of verifying results in the municipalities of Chuquisaca, Beni, Pando, Potosí and Santa Cruz due to destruction of ballots and election equipment [NOTE: this post-election destruction of election material occurred during protests organized by Morales’ opposition by anti-government demonstrators https://www.thenation.com/article/bolivia-elections-morales/ ]
The procedural security of the elections in several precincts was found to be lacking (rules not being followed by local election officials)
As a result, the OAS concluded:
The audit team cannot validate the results of the present election, and recommends another electoral process. The future process must count with new electoral authorities to be able to carry out trustworthy elections.

Claim 3: This is not a coup, but a restoration of democracy

As the results of this audit were released, Evo Morales immediately agreed to a new election with a new electoral commission. Despite this, opposition leaders Carlos Mesa and Luis Fernando Camacho demanded Evo’s resignation and the barring of his participation in the new election. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/10/evo-morales-concedes-to-new-elections-after-serious-irregularities-found
This is an ... interesting demand, since the OAS audit found no evidence of manipulation by the Morales government or his electoral board, they merely found flaws that could have been manipulated and their recommendation was that the government investigate these flaws and determine responsibility. Demanding a resignation by the President seems like a pretty hardline stance in this scenario.
Hours after this announcement, several generals held a press conference where they asked Morales to resign as president. Evo gave in to their demands shortly thereafter, agreeing to resign as president in order to “assure the social peace”.
https://elpais.com/internacional/2019/11/10/actualidad/1573386514_263233.html
Police and military officials began arresting Supreme Court officials, Election Tribunal officials, and politicians from the MAS party after Evo resigned.
https://www.notimerica.com/politica/noticia-bolivia-detenidos-25-miembros-tribunales-electorales-irregularidades-comicios-presidenciales-20191111172213.html
A civil breakdown ensued, with supporters of both parties attacking homes and government buildings. Evo Morales’ own home was broken into and ransacked. The Venezuelan embassy in Bolivia was also sacked.
https://www.clarin.com/mundo/atacaron-casa-evo-morales-cochabamba-saqueos-varias-ciudades-bolivia_0_6zbi-rOV.html
Opposition leaders entered the government palace later on Sunday, including Luis Fernando Camacho. The Wiphala (indigenous flag which became the secondary flag of Bolivia) was torn down. One of the entrants (a pastor) placed a bible on the Bolivian flag and said “The bible has returned to the palace. The Pachamama will never return.” The Pachamama is an important goddess of the indigenous people of Bolivia.
https://www.jornada.com.mx/ultimas/mundo/2019/11/11/nunca-mas-volvera-la-pachamama-al-palacio-de-gobierno-en-bolivia-3923.html
Camacho himself is a former member of the Santa Cruz Youth Union, which, according to Max Blumenthal, is an explicitly right wing nationalist organization that has been involved in anti-Morales and anti-indigenous violence.
https://thegrayzone.com/2019/11/11/bolivia-coup-fascist-foreign-support-fernando-camacho/
The military and police have already stated they will begin operations to restore order in the city of El Alto. El Alto has historically been a site of indigenous protest and is an area that supports Evo Morales.
https://www.france24.com/es/20191112-bolivia-choques-policia-evo-mortales
Almost every politician in the immediate line of succession stepped down or was arrested following Morales’ removal. This includes Alvaro Garcia, the former Vice President, and the President of the Senate, Adriana Salvatierra (both MAS members). Jeanine Añez, the opposition leader in the Senate, has claimed the role of acting president. In other words, the leader of the minority party in the upper house has taken control of the executive branch despite the fact that Morales’ mandate from the 2014 election should have kept him in office until January of next year, when the next president would otherwise be inaugurated.
https://www.elpais.com.uy/mundo/renuncia-evo-morales-quedara-cargo-bolivia.html
Morales has sought asylum in Mexico, and arrived there today. Jeanine Añez has said her transitional government’s only goal is to bring about new elections, but a date has not been given. The two houses of Congress still need to confirm her presidency.
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-50383608
As far as a coup goes, it doesn’t really matter whether the OAS audit is accurate in their assessment of election fraud.
Evo Morales immediately agreed to carry out their request and only resigned after the military asked him to. This is definitionally a coup d’etat, and it’s highly unusual that it is not being reported on as such, especially since there is currently no acting president but the military has already begun enforcement actions unilaterally in El Alto.

Bonus: This is obviously a US-backed operation, right?

Basic historical analysis leads one to suspect US involvement in some way or another, but it is important to be able to back these claims up with evidence.
Recently, a series of leaked audio recordings seems to have provided the first pieces of clear evidence of outside involvement in Bolivia. 16 audio recordings suggest that figures from the American, Colombian, and Brazilian government have spoken to and supported Bolivian opposition leaders in their goal of removing Morales from power. US senators Marco Rubio, Bob Menendez, and Ted Cruz are all mentioned by name. The plans described in the leaked audio recordings include the burning down of houses of politicians and attacking the Cuban embassy.
https://elperiodicocr.com/bolivia-filtran-audios-de-lideres-opositores-llamando-a-un-golpe-de-estado-contra-evo-morales/
Marco Rubio had previously tweeted expressing concern over the Bolivian election shortly after the election, before the OAS issued its statement of concern over the election. Rubio wrote his tweet at 10:12 AM while the OAS report was published around 9 PM.
https://twitter.com/marcorubio/status/1186284033178767361?lang=en https://twitter.com/OAS_official/status/1186456799089692673
Donald Trump has applauded the Bolivian military for removing Evo Morales, calling his resignation a “victory for democracy.” https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/statement-president-donald-j-trump-regarding-resignation-bolivian-president-evo-morales/
The Grayzone reported on links between Bolivian opposition members and US intelligence regime change operatives. The founder of Rios de Pie, an allegedly environmental organization, has a number of circumstantial links to CANVAS, a CIA-linked group that has been involved in multiple regime change operations. Not hard evidence of anything, but suspicious. https://thegrayzone.com/2019/08/29/western-regime-change-operatives-launch-campaign-to-blame-bolivias-evo-morales-for-the-amazon-fires/
Edit: Yuri Calderón (the general who demanded Morales’ resignation) worked as a military attaché in DC in 2013, and with APALA (Aggregated Police of Latin America) which is based in DC.
https://twitter.com/jebsprague/status/1193986589749211136?s=21
I cannot say with absolute certainty that the US was involved in this coup but the historical considerations and circumstantial evidence match a pattern of previous US-backed regime change operations to a significant degree.

Regardless of your opinion on Evo Morales and whether the election is questionable, there are very good reasons to be worried about the situation in Bolivia, especially for the indigenous populations who have historically faced racist violence and oppression. We have already seen destructive acts against indigenous symbols and the links between the coup-plotters and far-right groups are significant.

Edit: Updating this post with a link to a comment by Hezbollapalooza over on ChapoTrapHouse with a compilation of videos of fascist violence being committed against MAS supporters and indigenous peoples by military and police. Exactly what we expected.

UPDATE 11/18/19: A number of new developments have occurred over the past week. 23 indigenous protesters were killed in Cochabamba and more than 500 wounded by military and police forces on Friday 11/16. Another 642 were detained by police forces there. The coup government of Jeanine Añez issued a decree earlier that day exempting military and police forces from criminal responsibility. The interim interior minister, Arturo Murillo announced that his office will begin publishing the names of MAS (Morales' party) politicians to be arrested for "subversion" and "sedition". Añez has already started to reorient Bolivian policy and has not yet called for new elections, already having expelled four Cuban doctors and recognized failed Venezuelan coup leader Juan Guaido.

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2017.12.11 01:38 jeansylvain Ressources

Voilà une liste de ressources et de liens utiles au cours: Pour les briques applicatives, on s'est concentré sur l'écosystème .Net

Livres

Liens

Plateformes en SAAS

Généralistes

Datasets

Bots

Bases de connaissances

Expressions, grammaires et logique

Sémantique

Libs

Théorie

NLP

Neural nets

Algorithmes génétiques

Inférence probabiliste

Subreddits

submitted by jeansylvain to IA101ORT2018 [link] [comments]


2017.02.09 10:27 jeansylvain Ressources

Voilà une liste de ressources et de liens utiles au cours: Pour les briques applicatives, on s'est concentré sur l'écosystème .Net

Livres

Liens

Plateformes en SAAS

Généralistes

Datasets

Bots

Bases de connaissances

Expressions, grammaires et logique

Sémantique

Libs

Théorie

NLP

Neural nets

Algorithmes génétiques

Inférence probabiliste

Subreddits

submitted by jeansylvain to ia1012017 [link] [comments]


2016.01.17 15:25 jeansylvain Ressources

Voilà une liste de ressources et de liens utiles au cours: Pour les briques applicatives, on s'est concentré sur l'écosystème .Net

Livres

Liens

Plateformes en SAAS

Généralistes

Datasets

Bots

Bases de connaissances

Expressions, grammaires et logique

Sémantique

Libs

Théorie

NLP

Neural nets

Algorithmes génétiques

Inférence probabiliste

Subreddits

submitted by jeansylvain to IA101 [link] [comments]


2015.02.10 18:31 mortiphago [Ofrecido] Busco gente / Febrero

Buenas, abajo pongo las búsquedas actualizadas. La última columna indica la jerarquía, la cual es algo así:
Dice Es
Trainee Trainee
PA Jr
A Ssr
SA Sr
M Manager
SM Sr Manager
Los sueldos dependen mucho más del area que de la jerarquía / seniority, por lo que ni me gasto. En general son buenos (salvo los de call center, que son normales de call center.)
Job Title Skill Set Required Category
Automation Tester Experience with end to end testing involving web services. SOA/Web Service testing knowledge. QTP or any other automation knowledge is desirable. Advanced English Skills. A/SA
Bilingual Help Desk (English + Spanish) 1 year of experience in help desk or technical support positions working with a ticketing system. Availability to work of staggered shifts. Upper-Intermediate level of English PA
Bilingual Help Desk (Portuguese + Spanish) 1 year of experience in help desk or technical support positions working with a ticketing system. Availability to work of staggered shifts. Upper-Intermediate level of Portuguese PA
Cobis Analyst Experience in Cobis + English intermediate SA
Cognos TM 1 More than 5 years of experience working with Cognos TM1 + intermediate English SA
Customer Service Representative 1 year of Call Center experience with a Technology related degree or strong interest new Technologies/Advertising/Graphic Design TJDA
Customer Service Supervisor 3+ years of experience as a Call Center Supervisor. Advanced English skills. Ability to provide feedback and coaching. Strong communication skills. A
ETL Developer Proven experience in software development within areas of development. Knowledge of database queries with SQL, ETL tools (Data Stage, Power center or others), programming in Unix shell scripting and Unix environments. Advanced English level PA/A/SA
Functional test lead 5-8 years of experience working in testing environment, experience supervising people and projects. English level: Advanced M
Functional Testers Must have experience in defect management and testing tools (HP QC), SQL Server, DB2. English level intermediate A/SA
Identity Management Analyst 3 years of experience as a programmer analyst, 3 years of experience working with UNIX environment and Active Directory. English: upper intermediate. PA
Java Developer At least 4 years of experience working in Java environment. The candidate will be trained in CA technology. English: Advanced SA
Oracle EBS Lead Bachelor's degree. 15 years of experience in IT services Technology experience, 8 years of experience with Oracle Package Technologies , specially Oracle EBS, PeopleSoft, JD Edwards Advanced level of English M
Performance test Lead 5-8 years of experience working with automated testing tools(LoadRunnePerformance Center and Quality Center)Programming experience C/C++,Java. Experience leading performance projects. English: advanced M
Performance tester 2 years of experience working in performance testing. English: advanced A/SA
PL/SQL Developer Experience in PL/SQL, Unix platform and Unix shell scripting (intermediate), advanced English level. For working in zona norte A/SA
QA Richmedia 2 years of experience working with QA related positions. Availability to work from 2PM to 11PM. English Level: Advanced PA
Remote Client Support 3 years of experience in remote technical support. Knowledge of Microsoft Server 2003, 2008, 2012, Windows 7, 8, Cisco Firewall. Availability to work of staggered shifts and travel for KT. Advanced level of English A
Reporting Analyst for Contact Center Strong communication skills + Advanced English skills + 1+ year of experience in Call Center Reporting and metrics + Profficiency in Microsoft Excel TJDA
SAP Abap Developer 4 years of experience ABAP experience in dealing with objects, primarily in SD, FICO, & MM areas. Good RICEF knowledge. Intermediate English level, experience in maintenance projects. A
SAP ABAP Workflow SAP ABAP Workflow working knowledge. Customizing and Monitoring Activities. Work item Archiving. BO and events. Organizational Plan/Structure. RICEF: Forms (Sapscript, Smartforms, Adobe Forms), Reports (ALV, object based ALV, interactive reports), Interfaces (Idocs, EDI, LSMW, proxy files), Conversions (BAPIS, Call Transaction, BDC), Extensions (BADIs, user exits, enhancement framework, BTEs), Module Pool, Substitution & Validations. Advanced English Level. SA
SAP APO Consultant 4 years of APO and SNP (Supply Network Planning) & DP (Demand Planning) experience. Tasks: Trouble shooting, analyze business requirement. Manage the documentation of the business process and underlying configuration, functional specs and technical specs. Advanced English level, experience in maintenance and support projects. A/SA
SAP FI Functional Analyst 6 years of experience in SAP FI and CO modules. Excellent written and verbal Communication. Advanced English level. Strong knowledge of FI-CO modules. (CO PA - PC) Good knowledge of General Accounting. Validations and substitutions skills also required. Nice to have: FI-AP FI-AR SA
SAP FICO – FSCM Consultant SAP FICO – FSCM Consultant with 5 years of experience and advanced english level. Requiered skills: SAP FICO: FI-New GL, FI-AR, FA-AP, FA-AA including Leased Assets, CO-IO, CO-CCA, EC-PCA, SAP FSCM (Financial Supply Chain Management), FSCM-Collections Management, FSCM-Dispute Management, FSCM-Credit Management – implemented not used so far. Interfaces with Bank/CL Billing Systems/Travel Expenses/Pay Roll Expenses/Treasury System, SAP EDI Outbound Process, Understanding Workflow Processes, Understanding MM Module: resource needs to understand the MM Processes viz., PO/Service Entry Sheets/2 Way/3 Way Match, Work with BI/BW Team for the AR Reports Issues/CRs. SA
SAP HR Consultant 6 years of experience SAP HR+ payroll USA & Canada + English advanced SA
SAP MM Consultant +7 years of experience with MM, Intermediate Level of English, experience in maintenance and implementation projects, experience in leading projects M
SAP SD Consultant 5-6 years of experience in SD. Requiered Skills: SAP ECC System Configuration , development, testing, incident management, problem management, RCA, Crisis handling for SAP Sales and Distribution module of SAP ECC. Additionally, extensive experience in implementation and support in transportation, distribution expertise. Logistics execution & Integration experience. EWM experience is optional. Advanced English level. SA
SAP SD Consultant SAP SD Consultant, between 5-6 years of experience. Requiered Skills: SAP Sales & Distribution. Extensive experience required in Sales Order processing. Basic funtions in SD (Pricing and conditions, Availabiltiy Check and Requirements, Output Determination, Transferring requirements to materials planning (MRP), Delivery scheduling, Shipping point and Route determination, etc). Delivery and Transporation Process. Credit Management and Billing Process. Argentina Localization Knowledge. Experience in Electronic Invoice related projects for some LATAM country. Good experience with the integration areas of Sales and Order Execution with other modules of SAP. Implementation & Production Support project experience is required. EDI messages and troubleshooting. Advanced English level. SA
SQL Data Operator 2-3 years of experience working with SQL, MySQL. Experience with DB2(desired). English: Intermediate. Designation A
Technical Support Specialist Experienced with: ActionScript 3.0, ActionScript 2.0 HTML, CSS, Javascript -Ability to absorb complex technical concepts and communicate them to a non-technical audience A
Trilingual Customer Service Representative (English + Portuguese + Spanish) 1 year of Call Center experience + Advanced English skills + Advance Portuguese skills (written) TJDA
Trilingual Service Desk Lead (English + Spanish + Portuguese) Service desk and people management experience, PM skills, business projects, ITIL, reporting, Six Sigma. Availability to work of staggered shifts and travel for KT. Advanced level of English and Portuguese SA/M
Trilingual Technical Account Manager 2 years of experience working in a client facing capacity + Knowledge of SQL, HTML and JavaScript or prior experience troubleshooting technical issues + Native fluency in English and Portuguese Candidates should be able to work on stagger shift A
Visual Fox Pro Developers +5 years of experience developing Visual Fox Pro 6.0. C#, ASP.NET+2 years(desired) English: Lower Intermediate A/SA
Web Developer Experience in development with (Jquery, Javascript. HTML) and web design. Advanced level of English A/SA
submitted by mortiphago to empleos_AR [link] [comments]


Pasar datos entre paginas web en ASP.NET - Querystring Actualizar registros desde un GridView en un ASP.NET Crear sitio web ASP.net C# desde cero Parte3, Guardar, Eliminar y Buscar registros Manipulación de Data Frames en RStudio - YouTube Export gridview to pdf in asp.net - Part 58 Tutorial asp .net (web forms) - Crear un menu de ... Tutorial 1 Indicaciones Programación de Web Form ASP NET desde cero Use ASP.NET 4.5 WebSockets the easy way ¿Qué es Data Mining? Almacenar y Consultar Imagen C# - SqlServer

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